It is common for some people to express fear of the possibility of using air transport. Statistically, most international travelers feel the symptoms of a phobia. However, they are not formally diagnosed with this condition after conducting a psychological evaluation.

According to statistics, an average of every 3 out of 10 passengers suffer from fear of flying . For this reason, it is a more common law for breakdown companies to offer these users different resources to help them overcome this fear. Free and short-term courses are usually held inside a test aircraft. 

The origin of this phobia can be found in the fear of having an accident , although this is a risk that will always be latent, it is also important to remember that this is a means of transport that has improved considerably and in general terms it is considered safe. . 

As in other types of phobias, common symptoms such as anxiety are manifested. However, in this case it is important to provide professional medical help when combined with other conditions such as claustrophobia and acrophobia . 

People who are afraid of using damaged transport report suffering in different ways. Some may suffer panic attacks combined with physiological symptoms such as tremors and vomiting. All these manifestations arise immediately after boarding the plane, some people might refuse to use this transport. 

Unfortunately extra is a limiting condition , especially for those individuals who have professions that require them to use this transport. This is the case of entrepreneurs who must constantly travel to different countries and regions. 

What is aerophobia? 

Aerophobia is a type of phobia characterized by fear of the possibility of flying . Those who suffer from this condition avoid using air transport, they manifest anxiety because they think an accident may occur. All the sensations that are felt during a flight, such as turbulence, are all factors that are taken into account by these people to perceive danger. 

Flying for these individuals means a situation of stress and panic. Therefore, they will try to avoid using this means of transport as much as possible unless it is necessary. According to different studies that have been carried out in relation to this issue, it is a condition that can develop in some people who are more likely to feel anxious in situations that they consider they cannot control. 

Some people can develop this phobia from a previous traumatic experience. But in the same way, genetic predisposition must also be considered, some people may develop fears with greater intensity. This difficulty in the realization of a more calm and normal life, for example a simple trip because of vacations can become a real problem. 

Aerophobics can be divided into two groups according to the characteristics of their own condition. In one of them, people who fear that an accident will happen due to a technical failure or turbulence will be located. In the second group are people who suffer uncontrollable fear because they know that they are several meters high . Even these individuals fear having a panic attack while in flight. 

As can be seen, each person manifests this condition in different ways. In the most serious cases, it is possible that even thinking about or going through an airport, either because you have to start to feel rapid heartbeat and anxiety ; in addition to physiological symptoms such as headache or nausea. 

What are the characteristics of aerophobia? 

The main characteristic of this type of phobia is to manifest uncontrollable and exaggerated fear Taking into consideration that each patient will have different responses, there is a wide variety of characteristics that can be identified in each case. 

The first sign is to observe that the person is afraid to get on a plane. The thought pattern of these people is very diverse, some perceive a real and latent danger . The characteristics are of different nature because some believe that they will die during the flight, others will feel overwhelmed by being locked up without the possibility of observing an exit. 

Other people will display behaviors such as running, yelling, or crying . Panic attacks are common in these cases, they usually occur during turbulence. Mistrust may also arise having personnel who are in charge of said flight such as flight attendants, they may think that the pilot is not qualified to direct the plane. 

There are multiple characteristics that can be identified from person to person. On many occasions, being is a condition that can be confused with acrophobia or claustrophobia, they are due to the fact that similar symptoms are presented. In addition, the conditions of this situation are also related to the height and the confinement 

As for the physiological symptoms, the most common is increased sweating and headaches. It is also important to mention vertigo , some of these patients may feel more anxiety if they look through one of the windows. Similarly, behavior changes dramatically, causing the person to act unconventional and exaggerated. 

What are your causes? 

As with other types of phobias, in this case different proposals are handled that try to provide an explanation of why it develops. Different factors that can influence the appearance of aerophobia are taken into consideration, since most of these cases are the origin of a traumatic event in the past 

Traumas in psychology are usually the starting point for a patient to eventually begin to develop a particular psychological condition . Phobias are usually explained in this way, when a person had a bad experience with serious consequences in the future, they will try to experience that situation again. 

It must also be considered that some individuals are more prone than others. It is possible to identify certain personality traits that influence the way in which a situation of this type is managed. For example, in case of having a tendency to feel uncontrolled and stressed in unforeseen situations; It is very likely that in contexts such as flights, the most appropriate behavior is not observed. 

In the same way, it happens with people who tend to suffer from anxiety in different areas of their lives. These people often perceive danger in any situation. It should also be taken into consideration that when suffering from some other psychological condition, this can also influence the eventual development of another similar condition. 

What is your treatment? 

Until now, different types of therapies have been created that offer the possibility of overcoming this fear. They are different because each person has different levels of anxiety, in the same way it is important to consider that the symptoms are also different. It is essential to have qualified professional help and to carry out a prior psychological evaluation. 

It is important to educate yourself on this topic to avoid using misinformation. There are still false beliefs and myths regarding how this phobia manifests itself. In the same way, it can develop from ill-founded ideas in relation to how airplanes work, as a consequence, one begins to feel insecure about the possibility of using them.  

Exposure therapy , as its name implies, is about putting the patient directly to what they fear most. However, these therapies must be performed with great care so as not to have adverse results. When it is not done properly it is possible that some symptoms are magnified, it is even possible to aggravate this condition in psychological terms. 

In psychology, therapies are designed based on the characteristics identified in a certain patient. These are developed to cause changes in behavior. In recent years, the resource that allows the latest technologies through flight simulators has been used , any technique that simulates reality allows to expose the patient in a safer and more controlled way. 

Through the use of this technique, it is possible to simulate turbulence, sounds and other own sensations that are felt during a conventional flight. This means that the patient can feel this experience without having to compromise their personal safety. 

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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