A value judgment that is made based on the emotional response it causes is what is called aesthetic value. The appearance of the objects that surround us, people and the natural environment; all can be judged by criteria of different kinds.

The values aesthetic are complex because they involved different opinions and perspectives on the subject.

Each person decides what value a certain object will assign. In some cases, references already pre-established by society can be used , but there are also individuals who decide to skip these conventions to establish a personal assessment.

Issuing a judgment of this type implies maintaining an objective position when conducting the analysis. It is a sensitive experience that can also be described as a tool for expression. The aesthetic component of all the objects that can be contemplated, can be studied by using different methods that allow to deepen its characteristics .

What is an aesthetic value? 

This is a concept generally used to refer to an opinion, which is issued with respect to physical appearance. Its use is more common in the world of the arts , it allows expressing personal opinions about the works.

In a broader sense, this term can be used in discussions in which the philosophical nature is analyzed, which is also related to beauty.

To better understand what this term means, you must first analyze the meaning and origin of the word aesthetic. It is a philosophical discipline which focuses on studying art and beauty in its different manifestations. Aesthetics is a concept that can vary and adapt to different areas, in this way it can be used to refer to society and its culture.

The cultural theme is broad, it is taken into account that aesthetic works are expressions of different sectors of a society. The different cultures in the world have their own identity , so each of them can be assigned particular aesthetic values. It can even be applied to industrial objects which also have a value in themselves.

Characteristics of aesthetic values 

The definition of beauty, as we know it today, is different from that of other times past.

  • They are characterized by being modified , corresponding to the judgment emissions that are used in a given community .
  • They depend on the personal judgments of each individual. Subjectivity develops within a social context, aesthetic issues are often different.

When trying to analyze a work of art, sometimes terms such as classic, traditional, modern, or even transgressive are used. All these concepts are used based on aesthetic values ​​that are in force, and that represent those judgments that are validated by a majority. 

For this reason, it is common to find examples of works of art that at a certain moment were aesthetically appreciated. However, the same works seen before the eyes of people who have a different and more current criterion ; they may not appreciate them in the same way.

  • Some aesthetic values ​​remain valid and can be understood by several people
  • They can be described as characteristics that are considered virtues . These stand out due to their wide acceptance, the reactions they generate are appreciated in a positive way.
  • They establish which characteristics are negative, they are used as generalized referents that help define something as ugly or beautiful.

Criteria for identifying aesthetic values

The criteria and references used to issue aesthetic values ​​are varied. They depend largely on the ability of perception that is obtained through the five senses, not only with sight.

Philosophical factors are also considered, these are the result of judgments made after reflecting on ethical or moral concepts .

The subjectivity of aesthetic values depends on the perception of each individual. Sometimes, it is difficult to match that several people can affirm or consider that something has pleasant aesthetic characteristics, or otherwise unpleasant.

The aesthetic values ​​depend on a scale, this guide helps to define which characteristics are considered acceptable . In this way you can make a criticism that tries to be objective, however it is still an opinion with a personal bias.

Types of aesthetic values

There are different types of aesthetic values, each of them trying to describe physical qualities that are identifiable. These stand out in the physical appearance of objects and people, some of them will be considered pleasant and others do not fit these criteria.


Beauty is a concept that is used to refer to those characteristics considered aesthetically acceptable . This is a recurring theme in the philosophical treatises raised by the Greeks, this ancient civilization stood out for its deep analysis of this issue.

Beauty is directly related to pleasant or positive responses , these are stimulated through the senses. Determining whether something is beautiful or not is controversial. It depends largely on the perception capacity of people, which is variable.

Balance and symmetry 

Both concepts show similarities in what they try to identify. They establish a harmonious relationship between the different elements that make up physical appearance. The ability to balance or maintain order in relation to these elements is often described as an aesthetic perception that is pleasant.


This is a concept that refers to the elements that are part of the physical appearance and that maintain a relationship of order . These have the same origin and are intertwined with each other in a correct way, therefore the result of this interaction is positive.


This is a term that sometimes creates confusion. It is more widely used in literature, which allows to classify texts by genre. The word has a broader concept, it defines what is considered dramatic or moving. That is to say, characteristics or elements that generate maximized sensations and emotions in the viewer, or in the reader . For example, it is directly related to emotions such as sadness , pain, love and joy .

Ugly or horrible 

These are the characteristics that generate displeasure or discontent. It is the opposite of beautiful and beautiful. Depending on the perception of these characteristics, an infinity of unpleasant sensations can be generated.

These are two concepts that can be used in a broad way, they can refer to physical characteristics; but also inappropriate actions and behaviors.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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