A paradigm is generally defined as an example or model that serves as a reference for specific cases. This means that it is a term applicable to any subject, field, field or activity in which it is necessary to define characteristics, uses or concepts. It has an important theoretical relevance and is also usually applied in rhetoric because it is usually associated with parables and also fables.

This is a relatively recent term because it began to be used in the middle of the last century. It is important within the scientific field because it allows a better description of certain etymological expressions, in these cases it is necessary to accurately describe particular models of knowledge. 

There are multiple examples of how this term is used for particular cases. For example, in the case of architecture it is used to make mention of a model or model , also for building plans as well as those references used by painters and sculptors.

In the case of the social sciences when it comes to the issues of theories about systems, this term is associated with the thought of a group. It is equivalent to a mentality, to a set of ideas or methods that are validated by one or more people. In this way a paradigm defines all behaviors, attitudes and also beliefs.

Therefore this word is also used to indicate a pattern or a model, it can even be associated with an archetype . Paradigms in design, applied to any profession related to this activity, try to describe specific functions and solutions.

What is an empirical paradigm? 

The concept of paradigm is broad because it can be used in different aspects of everyday life. It is generally associated with ideas, beliefs, perceptions, thoughts, opinions and any point of view that needs to be referred to. These can be shared collectively or belong to one person.

Conceptualizing can be confusing due to some inaccuracies and errors. The truth is that it is applicable to both the theoretical and scientific fields. In a practical way it facilitates the understanding of any idea or belief. 

As for the empirical term, it is related to the acquisition of knowledge through experience . This means that it depends on performing a very specific, painstaking process that relies on deductive and inductive methods. But it can also present inconsistencies with respect to the logic used during the process, it always depends on the experience of the researcher himself and the tools he has used.

Empiricism uses qualitative and quantitative methods to reach a conclusion or objective. It is inevitable that during any procedure there will be evidence and sources that can provide all the required information. These can later be verified, they are also considered reliable and convincing.

As for how these two concepts come together to create another so-called empirical paradigm, it is necessary to take into account several aspects. This is also known as the formal or rationalist paradigm , it is usually classified in a positivist category that has no relation to dogmatism.

Some consider that this is a doctrine, this is because it depends on the observation, measurement and verification of any phenomenon or event that you want to analyze. Studies carried out using this paradigm show that a pragmatic stance is maintained, other concepts such as materialism and reductionism could also be included.

What are their characteristics? 

The main characteristic of the empirical paradigm lies in the formulation of a study process that depends on a model. This referent first raises the delimitation of a problem that in turn formulates a hypothesis, later the objectives that will be tried to be achieved during the investigation are described.

It could be affirmed that this type of paradigm works as a specific purpose, which is to find knowledge through formal resources . This will depend on several variables that have been previously considered, each of them is represented and then transformed into other types of referents that also influence the results.

hypothetical, inductive or deductive method is used . This type of paradigm allows to maintain a more unified vision of the world. It is about understanding simple or complex objects, but that may even exist or are yet to be created.

The methodology used must be previously tested and accepted to guarantee reliability. This depends to a large extent on the direction that the investigation will take, it is also important to have antecedents where conjectures are raised that could later be refuted. Criticism and questioning of any idea is constantly practiced .

One of the most used resources is statistics, this allows to reach results that generally express in a better way the relationship between cause and effect . Any reality is addressed taking into consideration each of its components and even the different types of interaction that can be generated.

This type of paradigm is usually used in mathematics describing systemic models , these allow the creation of formal relationships between phenomena. A framework defined by principles is established, as well as trends and other underlying norms. For example, it is applied in problems where there is organizational complexity, different levels are posed within a hierarchical structure proposing systemic laws.

In this type of paradigm, objectivity is important as well as impartiality, both elements are essential for scientific studies. Any value judgment or ideology threatens the legitimacy of the process. It is important to limit these expressions so as not to jeopardize reflection and interpretation of the results.

Scientific research is important because it allows the development of knowledge, which encourages the realization of new discoveries. The empirical paradigm is a method that combines observation and reflection when studying any phenomenon, in this way, a posteriori, general laws are proposed that allow a better understanding of the causes and effects of a given context.

By incorporating new information, any previously known knowledge is reinforced, in this way the beliefs and trends that were followed until now are changed . Truths previously reached are verified and supported, in the same way, solutions to specific problems can be identified by presenting a hypothesis or the conclusion of an analysis.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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