Communication is a complex process due to various factors. The relationship that exists between two entities is described, each one of them has an essential role in this process. The first of them is the issuer , it is responsible for issuing the information by means of a message using any type of channel. Later it will arrive at its destination with the receiver, this will be in charge of interpreting it.

It is precisely the choice of a communication channel that will provide fluidity and precision to the communication process . This is a support so that the transmission of the message can reach its destination safely. There are several types of communication channels, each of them is tailored to the needs and circumstances in which the interlocutors find themselves.

From verbal to written , the use of gestures or body movements is also counted. Other media can be described as more sophisticated because they depend on the use of various types of technologies. Here the press, radio, telephone, television and the internet are integrated; perhaps the most important today are emails, sms and social networks.

What are communication channels? 

Communication channels are defined as the means used to transmit a message . Its content contains information that is important, both for the sender and the receiver . These can be of any type, and they also work in different ways.

In most cases, personal communication is used, which allows the use of both verbal and gestural forms, in some cases also written. This last option also helps to have remote contact , this is because resources such as technology are used.

There are sound, tactile, visual, personal and massive channels. Each of them offers options that adapt to the type of communication that you want to maintain. All are considered to be reliable if they are understood to be used correctly.

Features and examples

Basically a channel is a way that allows establishing a link between the sender and the receiver. As is well known, communication is a process characterized by its dynamism, the relationship between the interlocutors involved can be generated in different ways. It is appreciated that this is a process that shows coherence and that constantly evolves until it achieves the required fluency in the transmission of information.

The main characteristic of communication channels is that they are physical . That is, two people use methods that can be used manually in most cases. Other relevant characteristics are described below:

  • They are means free of ambiguities to avoid confusion in the meaning of the message.
  • They are fully available for any time or need.
  • They offer a service that is defined and sequential. This means that they depend on the participation of the sender and receiver together, in this flagrant way perhaps that both parties will be able to make appropriate use.
  • A code is used that is shared between the interlocutors.
  • They help to maintain an organized communication, a hierarchical relationship can be established or according to the importance of the shared information.
  • Interference can and can be identified in each case due to communication interruption.
  • Acoustic, optical and tactile signals can be used.

There are several examples of communication channels, some are considered traditional, such as the written press. But radio and television are also added to this category. Other media provide their service depending on digital technology, this is the case of social networks and mobile messaging applications. These are some examples:

  • Sound waves are described as signals that are transmitted through the air. They send audible information.
  • The telephone pulses are those that were emitted in the telephone services of the first generation. They are described as microwave signals, these operate in cell phones allowing information such as the sound of the voice to be sent.
  • Radio waves start from a station of this type, they intend to reach a receiving device capable of capturing these signals and encoding them. When this process is finished, this information is converted into sound waves.
  • Optical fiber is used in today’s computers, this is because they are related to the internet connection system. Through them, computer signals contained in electronic pulses are sent and resided.
  • Paper is a medium used to send written messages. A classic example that is the newspaper, this was the first medium for sending public messages.

Classification of the different types of communication channels

The classification of communication channels is made based on the main characteristics they have. This is how groups are organized that integrate various types that share similarities with each other. Up next, each of the preview are described:

  • The channels of personal communication are identified because they allow a direct connection. The interaction that is generated between the sender and the receiver could be limited to a certain number of digital ages, this depends on each case.
  • The interpersonal communication channels show a message that is destined to many receivers. In this case do not use personalize the message and there is no personal contact. Therefore, the content of the same is previously adjusted.
  • The interactive communication channels are characterized by a wide range, it ensures that there will be greater interaction between users.
  • The channels of mass communication , as the name implies, help the issuer may contact a multitude of reflectors. This occurs simultaneously, but you can choose between a direct or delayed mode.
  • Communication channels can also be one-way and two-way . This means that the sender and the receiver will not always participate in the same way. Communication is reciprocal so these roles are alternately substituted according to how it is developing.

What is its importance? 

The use of communication channels depends on the purpose or objective to be achieved. Channels are a physical support of communication, without them it is fair to transmit or share data . The efficiency of the selected channel will depend on the participation and influence of some external elements. The collaboration of both parties will also mean that this interaction will be successful.

Human beings depend on social interactions to survive, so the use of different types of communication channels help this process. Each communication strategy allows there to be a permanent renewal in the dynamics between the sender and receiver.

It could be said that communication channels guarantee the inclusion of participants equally. The establishment of this connection depends on them, they help to maintain order fluidity and stability in the exchange of information.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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