A message in the communication process refers to the information that is sent from a sender to the receiver. In order to carry out this process, a channel or means of communication is used . In this sense, it can be contained in a written medium, in a sound format or on a physical medium of any kind.

The message will be designed to facilitate the transmission of content that is relevant to all parties involved. It is one of the elements of communication that is essential during an interaction of this type. It has several technical characteristics that will be explained below.

What is the message in communication?

It is defined as a message to the main element that is transferred during a communication process. During an interaction between a sender and the receiver , all the information is contained within the same message. Written messages are usually thought of, but there is a wider variety, the other typologies show that it is possible to maintain contact with other people using any resource .

Technically it is characterized by being constituted by a set of informative elements . When the sender decides to send a message, it must fulfill the function for which it was created. Then, it is adapted to the circumstances so that there is an ease of connection.

Understanding it in another way, it must be understandable to both parties. Therefore, it will be important to choose a language or code that is recognizable and easy to interpret. It is not only about choosing a language, it also takes into account the symbols, signs or gestures that are included.

Features and examples 

They are an indispensable element for the communication process . These have a series of common characteristics that could change if it is necessary to adapt them to a certain type of communication . However, in most cases you can identify several characteristics such as those mentioned below:

  • They are always easy to access, they show a consistent and accurate format . There is always clarity regarding the information displayed there.
  • They can integrate different types of codes in turn. It can use written language and also contain images.
  • They always have a purpose for which they were created. They have a function that is assigned by the sender, this is the one who decides when, how and why to communicate with the receiver.
  • Each type is based on a series of fundamental guidelines that facilitate its writing and reading.
  • A short length and direct language are usually used . For maximum effectiveness, they should be as simple as possible.

There are many examples of the different types that easily show how it works. They can be built from any type of code , these in turn adapt their format to the type of communication that is being created between the sender and the receiver. Here are some examples:

  • The essays are short texts that use simple language. This is a resource that is used to transmit information to those who do not have the most up-to-date data regarding a specific topic.
  • In a conversation, an idea or thought can be expressed briefly. Using everyday or cryptic language , such content can be expressed in any means of communication. An example is text messages through social networks.
  • Registers or data systems use a notation that is cryptic and ordinary, the information that is included there is specific and requires a means of telecommunication.
  • The emails are very popular today, are the modern equivalent of traditional handwritten letter. Although before it was required to make a physical trip to be able to send an envelope with a letter, today it can be sent through the internet in just a few steps.
  • The instant messaging is a term that applies to any telecommunication system designed to send written messages. It is very common to listen to various social media platforms that allow this function, users immediately stay connected to the network that provides this service.

Classification of the different types of message

They can be classified into different types taking into consideration the content or the support . This is the most common way of making a distinction between all the possible functions that messages can fulfill. What they are is described below:

Types of messages by support:

  • Printed messages are those that are supported on paper in different presentations.
  • The auditory messages are those that are created from electromagnetic waves, it depends on the auditory perception for its interpretation.
  • Audiovisual messages combine the visual with the auditory.
  • Cyber ​​messages are those that are managed through communication channels such as the internet or the telephone communication network.

Types of messages by content:

  • The advertising messages are intended to promote a product or service. It is very common to use them in the commercial area to disseminate any type of promotion, sale or contest to the public.
  • The informative message , as its name implies, fulfills the function of providing up-to-date information about a specific topic.
  • A persuasive message is one that includes any content that is capable of influencing or convincing people.
  • A motivational message tries to awaken interest in a topic so that the reader is part of it. The content should be as eye-catching as possible to grab attention.
  • The interrogative messages include sentences in the format of questions, they are usually part of conversations where it is about finding answers to certain questions.
  • Opinion messages precisely serve the function of expressing an idea about a topic.
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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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