In the communication several elements are identified whose participation turns out to be essential for it to be carried out. This is an action that is typical of human beings and other living beings, the establishment of relationships that guarantee coexistence in community depends on it .

It is common for people to have conversations and physical interactions between other members of the same social group. The purpose is to share opinions, ideas, data and in general information; which is in the interest of everyone involved. This action occurs in real time and for this, methods and means are applied that guarantee mutual understanding.

One of the most important elements is the receiver, it can be one or more actors who intervene during the communication process . Their participation must be guaranteed because otherwise it would not be possible to communicate. Unlike other elements, the receiver can show different characteristics according to how it is involved.

What is the receiver in communication?

In communication, a receiver is defined as someone who fulfills the function of receiving information which comes from the sender . This data is contained in a message , which can be decrypted using a specific code . Therefore, whoever fulfills this role must have the ability to interpret or decode it, according to the communication standards established by both parties.

The receiver becomes responsible for ensuring that the message can be understood and in turn generating a response that is appropriate to its content. That is, it will be in charge of deciphering and interpreting each of the signs that have been received. For the communication process to be feasible, the type of channel and code used must also be considered .

The receiver can also be referred to as the recipient, he will become the person assigned to carry the message . It may be necessary to use some type of physical resource to facilitate the safeguarding of the content.

All the information that is transmitted by the sender will retain its same semantic characteristics if the receiver has the capabilities to do so. On certain occasions, when there is an error in the interpretation of the message, it is because the receiver has not been able to achieve it. In this situation, it is possible that the communicative exchange begins to present other difficulties.

What are the characteristics of the receiver?

The communicative process cannot be defined as a procedure that can only be carried out in a certain way, the reality is that it can be generated in different ways. It is also necessary to consider whether the agent that fulfills the role of the issuer is a machine and not a person, therefore the receiver must adapt to these circumstances.

The main characteristics that help to identify the recipient’s role are described below . Sometimes it shows similarities with the functions performed by the issuer, this is because during a communication these roles are constantly exchanged. These are its other features:

  • It is considered that the receiver depends on the initiative taken by the sender , therefore he will always wait for the process to start on his behalf.
  • For a communication to be considered effective, both parties must use a coding that is understandable to both.
  • The recipient decides what will be the use of the information he has received. You could discard or instead use this knowledge for a specific purpose. Although it is true that communication begins by decision of the sender, the continuation of the process depends on the receiver.
  • Similarly, the receiver emits an acceptance signal to receive the message. Therefore, there will be the same possibilities for the admission or rejection of sending the information.
  • Generally, the receiver adapts to the conditions generated by the issuer. This means that it will adjust to the type of encoding and channel selected by whoever fulfills the role of the issuer.
  • The receiver interprets the message according to his own criteria. The success of the communication process is partly the responsibility of the receiver. If it is not able to correctly interpret the sender’s message, it is most likely that there is an interruption in the process.
  • At a certain point during this interaction, the receiver will carry out a reverse process to that of the sender. It is then assumed that it could occupy the position of the issuer because there must be an exchange of mutual information . .
  • The receiver participates in the feedback , in this way both parties inform each other about their perceptions regarding the message. The recipient will be able to understand the content under the same terms, for it to be effective a reading that conforms to that expressed by the issuer must be used.
  • The receiver must help or provide support to the sender, this is especially relevant when it comes to non-verbal communication . It is considered that a collaboration is generated, if the message is expressed through visual resources; The use of means that facilitate both parties to decode the received message is emphasized.
  • It is the receiver’s responsibility to analyze and reconstruct each of the meanings included in the message. To do this, you must synthesize and try to create a coherent response that corresponds to the type of interaction that is taking place.
  • It is important to note that in a communication there may be one or more recipients of the same message. In these cases, mutual help is required so that everyone can have a clear and precise understanding of the message.
  • After the process of decoding or translating the message, the receiver is the one who decides whether to issue a response regarding it. That is to say, the receiver decides whether or not he has understood said message, it depends on him if the communicative process will have a continuation.

Examples of receivers 

Next, a series of examples will be described that demonstrate the participation of the recipients during the communication process. Taking into consideration that they can show different characteristics according to how this interaction is generated, it is also important to mention that on certain occasions the differentiated limits between receiver, channel or medium could be diffuse . They are as follows:

  • In the transmission of a television or radio broadcasting program, the broadcasters are the broadcasters and also the journalists in charge of providing information. In this case, the receivers are the viewers or listeners , in general it is the public that is attentive to the information shown by these media.
  • In an interview who occupies the role of the issuer is the interviewer, he is identified because he is in charge of asking the questions. Who is the object of these questions is the receiver, the interviewee will have free choice to answer and give continuity.
  • When delivering content in print, any person who decides to deliver this article to another person will become the issuer. Whoever is in charge of receiving and making use of said material is the recipient.
  • The sender may use a device that allows him to send or transmit a signal . In this case, the term receiver can be used to refer to the person who starts and uses this equipment, however the same word can also designate the machine used for this purpose.
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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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