Difference between sex, sexuality and gender

When it comes to the subject of human sexuality, it is normal that some concepts are confused with each other. During the stage of sexual education for children and adolescents it is important to pay attention to sex, sexuality and gender. When the fuzzy boundaries between these concepts are eliminated, it is easier for new generations to have a better understanding of what sexual identity and orientation are.

From the point of view of psychology, sexuality is not only related to the behavior and thought patterns of people. Also six takes into account the possible social repercussions that can influence during the process of sexual development. This is where the concepts of gender and sex have a special relevance.

It is normal to think that women and men fulfill different and important roles in society. It is to be expected that in any social nucleus both have an active participation and that they also behave in a different way. Social distinctions help to form particular concepts in relation to men and women beyond the biological perspective. Each is assigned to socially accepted roles adapted to various needs. Human sexuality must be studied from the point of view of biology, psychology and anthropology .

To understand the differences that exist between sex, sexuality and gender, each of them must first be studied individually. Next in this article we will deal with this topic in order to clarify doubts. It is important to raise awareness about this issue to help young people have a better understanding of their own sexuality .

What is sexuality? 

Sexuality in a broad sense encompasses issues such as sexual orientation, as well as sexual identity. Human beings manifest having a very diverse sexuality , which if compared to other species or living beings presents incomparable peculiarities.

Sexuality is not limited to the manifestation of tastes or attractions , nor is it limited to identity. There are many types of sexuality, which means that people are not necessarily satisfied only on the physical plane. For example, the type of sexuality that focuses your attention on being attracted to other people beyond your gender or sex is called pansexuality.

But sexuality can also manifest itself from the absence of sexual attraction , this occurs regardless of gender or the sex of another individual. Some people express that they do not feel any type of attraction and have no interest in having sex. On the other hand, demisexuals manifest their sexuality from a sentimental or romantic union.

What is the concept of sex?

Sex is defined as the set of biological characteristics which define individuals according to a gender. That is, to refer to sexual reproduction that can be seen from two perspectives. For this reason it is a concept that can be used to refer to sexual practice that is intended to perpetuate or give continuity to a species.

But it is also a term used to refer to all the characteristic components of a person’s sex . That these are easily identifiable because they can be isolated from the rest of the same organism. They can be observed and also perceived by other senses, although their existence is also verified by means of various medical instruments.

Taking into account the previous premise, sex can refer to all the physical elements of the human body that can be known in advance. Thus, each woman and man has particular characteristics, but also others that they share with each other. The main difference is the internal reproductive organs and the external genitalia.

What is gender?

Gender is generally defined as the set of actions or behaviors that are inherent to a particular gender. Male and female are the most used terms in conjunction with this term, it means that you are trying to make objective measurements with respect to the language used by an individual.

This word is often used to refer to any phenomenon, both psychological and symbolic. Experts on this subject and part of the scientific community affirm that generated not only refers to those biological or physical sexual qualities. It is not dissociated from the psychological or social part, each person inherits qualities that he adopts as part of his identity and begins to manifest in his daily life.

Some psychologists consider that it generated is part of a social construction in which biologically developed elements intervene, but also others originating from ideas or expectations . Some roles imposed by society that are intimately associated with a particular gender, can generate discomfort in certain individuals who begin to feel more identified with another gender.

So the gender of a person does not necessarily depend on the limited cost of the biological characteristics with which they are born. Some individuals may feel more comfortable and identified with the qualities that represent a particular gender. The adoption of this gender is what defines sexual identity.

What are the differences between sex, sexuality, and gender? 

To differentiate between these three concepts, it is important to understand how they influence a person’s sexual development and definition . Sexuality is often viewed as a social construct that has a biological drive. It is considered to be dynamic because it depends on a person’s personal experience with their sexuality.

It is also important to consider that certain social aspects such as culture and economy can influence. Sexuality can in part be influenced by gender roles prescribed by social norms and values . This means that behaviors and expressions are adopted, and even ways of thinking typical of men or women.

Regarding sex and gender, both depend in part on the biological aspect. Some people may experience non-conflicting sexual development regarding the sexual characteristics with which they are born. This means that they will adopt and identify with everything related to their gender and biologically assigned sex .

Sex are the physical characteristics that belong to men or women. Gender is precisely the particular definition of said sex, beyond the physical qualities those that correspond to behavior are also taken into account. The masculine and feminine are often associated with roles that have already been pre-conceptualized in society. But sex is also the practice of sexual intercourse for reproductive purposes, although it can also be recreational if done responsibly.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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