In psychology, the dimensions of the human being are all the elements and areas that describe the potential that people have . That is to say, they are characteristics that indicate abilities and qualities that express potentialities that later translate into essential elements for personal and integral growth.

By nature, people, due to biological, social and psychological factors, develop their own characteristics. This process is called biopsychosocial, so people develop completely in different dimensions that will eventually allow them to continue with a process of progress that will continue throughout life.

According to some hypotheses raised around this topic, some consider that these dimensions are associated with the predisposition of men and women to develop certain capacities . This is an approach that takes on greater importance in relation to the physical, cognitive and emotional dimensions. However, in the case of the social, communicative, ethical, aesthetic and spiritual dimension, other external elements such as experiences shared with other people would have to be taken into account.

What are the dimensions of the human being?

The dimensions of the human being are a set of references used to refer to those potentials or qualities of people. It means that mention is being made of those aspects that contribute to individual development. It can be assumed that they are essential and proper elements for well-being and personal growth.

Considering that all human beings have both virtues and defects , the dimensions that each person possesses can be manifested and identified in multiple contexts. In addition, these same ones demonstrate which are the physical capacities as well as mental.

The identification of these dimensions makes it possible to specify the qualities and abilities expressed through one’s thoughts and actions. These same elements are part of people’s interactions with others, they are necessary resources to put into practice the skills, thoughts and reflections that are made in association with our own existence.

What are they and how are they classified? 

As already described previously, the dimensions of the human being are all those particular characteristics that indicate characteristics of each individual. Recognizing these elements as something of their own, a person can be identified as something unique and incomparable by taking these same references.

Mainly 8 different types of dimensions are recognized , each of them expresses fundamental features that must be taken into consideration. Each of them are mentioned and described below, they are the following:

Physical dimension

As its name implies, it is related to the human body in structural terms . Understanding that the body is used as a tool that allows people to perform certain actions, it also allows direct contact with other people.

But this dimension also includes other aspects such as the habits and actions that people carry out to guarantee a good maintenance of the same body. Not only external elements are taken into consideration; but also others focused on dealing with internal aspects.

Examples of this type are the actions that are carried out to avoid developing certain diseases. Regarding habits, mention can be made of healthy eating and the practice of some sports activities. Together, they are all decisions and efforts that are intended to heal or improve the health of the body .

Social and sociopolitical dimension 

This category includes all the capacities that people have to socialize and interact with others . It could be assumed that it is one of the most important dimensions because it has a direct impact on quality of life.

Considering that all people are important members of a society, especially for family groups; it is necessary for people to learn to have contact with others to ensure their survival. This includes elements such as friendship, emotional ties and other dynamics that are associated with the search for well-being and happiness.

Cognitive dimension

In this category, aspects of intelligence are included , this means that the ideas or opinions that constitute the personality of an individual are taken into consideration. In the same way, those references used by each person will be taken into account to walk their own interpretation of the world that surrounds them.

To this dimension also belongs all the collected knowledge that is used in order to predict what could happen in certain situations. It is all the learning that has been acquired throughout life through various experiences, these have been important to guarantee and improve survival.

It could be said that the importance of this dimension lies in the fact that it is a clear example of the ability of the human species to use the intellect. It also indicates how people create new concepts and modify previous ones, these are processes that are usually necessary to continue progressing.

The emotional and affective dimension 

This category includes emotions, these are an essential and primordial part of human beings, since it depends on them to adapt to certain contexts. The term emotional intelligence has been continuously defended to refer to this aspect of the human being.

People are able to show how they feel in both positive and negative situations. This ability facilitates proper social interaction , in addition people develop other essential skills to communicate with other people through this resource.

Emotions are also considered to be the result of external but also internal stimuli . Having a complete and accurate knowledge about your own emotions in the long term will help the process of self-knowledge. It is not only about feeling emotions, it is also about identifying them correctly and then using them in the best possible way at certain times as appropriate.

The communicative and linguistic dimension 

Human beings have developed a language as diverse as it is complex over several centuries of existence. This is a remarkable aspect of civilization, which has also allowed the knowledge that people have about life on the planet itself to expand. From a broader perspective, this is a resource that is not only essential for learning, it also allows the dissemination of knowledge through different systems such as verbal and written.

Through signs and symbols, people interact with others to convey ideas, opinions and even experiences . This interrelation depends on the people involved having adequate management of the code used, in this way good communication is guaranteed. It is even taken into consideration that this is a resource that could modify reality to some extent.

Spiritual or transcendent dimension 

In this case, aspects of a religious and spiritual nature can be taken into account but the philosophical thoughts of other kinds must also be taken into account. All these elements are used in order to try to understand the meaning of one’s existence. It can be said that human beings are the only living beings on the planet that show interest and ability to deal with this issue.

Considering that human beings are also animals but with more developed intelligence, it is normal that eventually they begin to have a greater philosophical interest to understand everything that happens in the environment and even at a transcendental level. There are phenomena that can sometimes be understood through physical laws, however some explanations could be more difficult to be raised.

Human beings as a civilization from time immemorial have created different types of superstitions and religions , these same have been used as resources that try to give an explanation to everything unknown. Consequently, two different types of position have been maintained in this regard, one is rational and the other is fantastic.

Aesthetic dimension 

In this case, mention should be made of beauty as an abstract idea or concept . It is also arbitrary because depending on the perspective from which it is analyzed, it could have a greater or lesser degree of importance. On a cultural level this has been used as a reference to create good is useful for human beings.

Aesthetics as such is associated with aspects of human civilization such as the creation of art in its different facets. Consequently, its main purpose is to admire to generate certain emotions and sensations , they manage to create experiences that are unique and transcendental for those who live them.

Ethical and moral dimension 

In this case, mention should be made of those aspects that are directly related to people’s behavior. That is, all those elements used as standards that serve as indicators to maintain order are taken into consideration . In this way, human beings improve their ability to recognize between right and wrong, so they are used as a reference for these common or their own criteria that are usually called social norms.

This classification includes all the aspects that have been created to guarantee the well-being of the majority of people within a society. For this, it is important to recognize the rights of all equally , then it is assumed that measures are established that aim to freedom but also to regulate behaviors.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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