Human beings by nature depend on the establishment of social relationships in order to survive. Perhaps the main psychological characteristic of people is the development of social skills from an early age.

The communication is a process in which ideas and opinions exchanged . This interaction happens through the application of various methods, which means having equally varied results. According to how civilization has evolved, different languages ​​and codes have been created to facilitate communication. Therefore, there are different types, which makes communications more complex in certain aspects.

One of these types is called effective communication. Both the sender and the receiver are understanding the meaning , because they use means with which they are familiar. For this to work, not only the clarity of the message is important, but the way it is formulated will also help the process.

What is affective communication? 

It is defined as effective communication to the mutual information process, carried out by a sender and a receiver . To do this, a type of language or coding is used that both parties agree to use. This means that the meaning of words, gestures, images or any other medium is fully understood.

For this communication to be successful, the key is to use information that has been verified and is accurate in its content . In this way, misunderstandings or incorrect interpretations by both parties are avoided.

Both interlocutors have the responsibility to send information that does not generate confusion or doubts It is not only about the content of that message, but also the intent of it. You can make proposals, inform or also protect important data that must be kept secret.

It’s not just about formulating a rational message , it’s also emotional . Various elements are involved in the process, especially when it comes to convincing about a proposition or idea. To do this, various strategies can be used to help attract attention.

Characteristics of affective communication

This type of communication is characterized by using transmission media that meet the expected objectives. First, the problems that could arise must be solved and a correct interpretation between the interlocutors must be promoted. The brevity and precision of the message is the key that will guarantee its effectiveness.

Easy understanding also depends on whether the message has been expressed objectively . Whoever sends the message should focus on explaining the main idea, along with the objective of the message.

For this, elements related to emotional intelligence and non-verbal language are also taken into account . This means that it not only depends on a good use of words, gestures or codes; factors such as tone of voice also play a role.

Besides the basic elements that are the information, the emitter, the receiver and the channel; also some aspects characterize this process. What they are are mentioned below:

  • The emission of signals that allow the message to be made known.
  • The precision, clarity and completeness of the message.
  • Such information is assumed to be authentic, thus ensuring that the truth is being told.
  • Messages must be timely and use language that is appropriate to the circumstances.
  • The information exchange is done on the basis that both parties have the same interest and motivation to do so.
  • For effective communication you must have the following qualities: knowing how to listen, empathy , understanding and respect.
  • Different methods are often used to avoid monotony. You can change the tone or rhythm of speech, qualify the words that you want to highlight or use visual resources.
  • Eye contact must be maintained.
  • The tone of voice and the use of expressions that are appropriate to the context.
  • The opinion of others is respected.
  • Consistency is a must.
  • To show that you are paying attention, you ask questions. This encourages discussion and exchange of views.
  • Anticipating possible solutions or answers is not recommended.
  • There are no limits and no orders.
  • There is honesty and a clear goal is set.
  • Generalities and detours are avoided.
  • It does not spread excessively.

Types and examples 

Effective communication can be done through different avenues, methods, or channels . The effectiveness of this interaction depends on the ability of the sender to make the receiver understand the ideas he wants to formulate. The types of effective communication are described below with their respective examples:

  • The written communication , as its name suggests, involves the use of written language. Various examples can be taken as the authors of books. These require previously to have carried out an investigation, it facilitates them to obtain new information.

Thus, a conclusion can be reached and there are grounds to be able to affirm an opinion. We find cases of this type in university theses , this is a good example of how the various written resources are used; to have an effective communication with the reader.

  • The oral communication uses all available resources oratory. The speeches depend on the approach of an argument, which can convince the listener. Examples of this type are found in public events, such as politicians who must address the general public.

To gain the respect and validity of the majority, various methodologies are used that allow them to be appreciated as truthful and trustworthy people . The same happens with journalists, or social communicators, who communicate through radio or social networks.

  • The visual communication , also referred to as gestures , involves the use of signs or codes through images. When the sender tries to communicate with the receiver, he must use a language perceptible to the eyes. This must be understood by both parties, in this way avoiding making mistakes or errors in their understanding.

Examples of this type are found on traffic signs . Most of them are understood by drivers, because they previously studied their meaning. Also the personnel who work directing the traffic, use gestural signals with the hands.

At present, several examples of how communication between youth and adults works can be identified. Through social networks, the use of emojis or emoticons has become common, these can be interpreted in different ways . They are used when it comes to personalizing, or simplifying, the phrases used in digital conversations.

What is its importance? 

All social ties begin with communication in its various forms. Effective communication is important because the establishment of solid social relationships depends on it. But it is not only about the affective interaction between people, it also makes a difference in the work and academic sector.

Communication of this type helps create and foster greater productivity with regard to exchanging opinions . When people want to transmit content made by themselves, whether in writing or through a speech, the receiver will only be able to understand if the appropriate medium is being used.

In order to convey a convincing and clear message , language turns out to be a resource that must be handled skillfully and with precision by both. When communication is inefficient, it is due to differences in understanding of meanings. Therefore, the translation of the message does not conform to the original idea of ​​the sender.

Communication represents being a primary tool to promote the establishment of productive and beneficial relationships . In the case of the workplace, it will be guaranteed to significantly improve productivity and relationships. This way, co-workers will be able to establish precise guidelines, there will be confidence and the best possible results will be obtained.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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