Leadership is the interpersonal influence directed towards the achievement of goals , through communication , which allows the coordinated performance of work oriented by a shared direction.

It is a universal human condition , a managerial or directive ability, which paves the way for the proper functioning of a company or any human group.

The leadership situation during the 20th and 21st centuries

In the 21st century, leadership faces challenges that require it to be at the forefront of globalization, technological advances and new ideologies, which allow it to overcome the challenges of the context in which it develops.

In this framework, the globalization process has been accompanied by the increasing preponderance of the role of leadership, because companies, corporations, official and private institutions need to survive and achieve success in the areas of their competencies.

In the case of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MiPyMes), good management has been essential to increase competitiveness. In this sense, considering the nature of this type of company, the determining factor to achieve it resides in leadership.

And is that leadership is a factor of competitiveness and efficiency in companies, groups and institutions; the leader is essential in synergy and teamwork. The motivating and propelling role of the leader in the development of the policies, objectives and goals of organizations is of the utmost importance today.

Need for leaders in the business world

The good leader appropriately manages economic resources , as well as the correct distribution and fulfillment of tasks, managing to increase the competitiveness of the company or organization, and preventing closure and unemployment; maximizing results and reducing costs.

It is essential to underline the dynamic force of the leader that motivates the organization, instilling trust, support and empathy for the achievement of goals.

When we talk about leadership we also talk about shared direction. Before enforcing the rules that govern a company, the most important thing is to train and motivate workers so that they are competent and want to do their best, in order to achieve the objectives set. True leadership is getting this done with the workers themselves.

Characteristics of a good leader

Good leaders are smart, enthusiastic, work well, are loyal, have values , are helpful, acknowledge their mistakes, are optimistic, encourage dialogue, and look to the future.

These qualities give rise to the following skills : personal mastery, commitment capacity, ability to guide, evaluate and train its people, transcendental vision and communication, teamwork and formation of organizational culture and socio-political skills.

8 tips and secrets of the good leader

The formation of a good organizational leader sometimes requires more than a natural predisposition, it takes years of specialized study, in a world like the current one, very competitive and globalized. The following tips and secrets will help you do just that.

1) Lead creatively

It is not the same to lead than to lead . A leader not only has the ability to conceive a plan and implement strategies to achieve goals, but does so with the necessary touch of creativity.

They put both lateral thinking and logical thinking into practice, starting from their experience and the context in which they act . Be creative, create a shared vision, and vigorously communicate it to colleagues in the organization or workgroup.

Workers must be encouraged to step out of the box established by job descriptions and the reductionist approach for organizations to grow and become stronger in the current era.

2) A good leader knows how to generate empathy

Every leader should be empathic by definition . That is, being able to create a bond with the team members, take care of their needs and provide alternatives to problems.

However, there is the concept of “ empathic leader ”. It is a leadership that must have the following characteristics:

  1. Listen and ask with real interest , open mind and free of preconceptions, regarding what the other is saying
  2. Listen carefully without interrupting .
  3. Do not give useless advice or constantly scold .
  4. Never interrupt when other people speak to you. You must practice active listening.
  5. Analyze any problem from multiple perspectives , not just from your single point of view. This provides you with a comprehensive view of each circumstance.
  6. Every leader must express a conclusion , always to reiterate that what they have been communicated has been fairly understood.

The aforementioned is very useful so as not to arouse disagreements or antipathies . A leader knows how to win people over, never trigger rejection.

3) A leader never negotiates his integrity

The authentic leader retains a deep sense of fairness. He cares and takes care that there is coherence between his thoughts and decisions, always doing everything possible to maintain respect for and among the group of people who depend on his leadership.

The good leader, in addition, knows how to stand out without crushing others , works harmoniously in group situations.

It is not just about appearing but about being of integrity and putting into practice appropriate social and business-appropriate behavior. The idea is to have ethical leadership .

A leader has a vision of himself , which he never doubts. It is not sold, it does not fail its followers. All this makes up the integrity of the leader, which is his best cover letter.

4) Take advantage of and need people’s feedback 

In any organization the good leader is able to converse with his delegates to discuss the mistakes and successes of all. The role of communication has always been important.

Through a positive attitude , the leader needs other people’s feedback. You know that your point of view has limitations. Only by taking advantage of what others tell you can you enrich your leadership skills.

Also, there are no lonely leaders . No one can be a leader of himself. It takes empathy, having a relationship with others. And the other people realize that your comments are important. That way they feel that the leader is a person who pays attention to them.

Remember that a job well done, without a positive congratulatory comment, is like a plant without watering . A leader wisely knows how to spread a job well done. In this way, this work is cultivated and grows. This is achieved thanks to your positive attitude and congratulations.

5) A leader dominates an area of ​​competence

The leadership based in competencies is of utmost importance. In fact, it is something that should be promoted more and more. There are many leaders who are only charismatic, but do not dominate any specific function.

For example, in sports a good leader must be an outstanding athlete . In the field of science, leaders must be people who know the scientific work.

In the case of the West, this is one of the leadership problems . The leader is considered to be only the charismatic person . Knowledge, the ability to do a job, the proper performance in that role tends to be neglected.

The truth is that leaders of integrity, who are fully respected, dominate in an area of ​​competence. And as is to be expected, they direct and exert influence in precisely this area.

6) A true leader is flexible

The quality of being flexible is related to resilience. Flexibility means learning from mistakes. Also, the ability to amend course when a steering error has been made.

Being strict and unable to accept a mistake is not the quality of a true leader . In any case, this is what an authority does that play its role without caring about the results of the people. His only interest is to show himself in his authoritative position.

True leaders understand that any plan can change at any time . Also, they know that they are human beings and they can make mistakes. Keep in mind that the important thing is not to make mistakes, but to know how to make amends once they happen.

7) Assume your responsibilities

A true leader takes risks. You are aware of what you are doing. In addition, as we indicated before, you understand that you can make a mistake. Therefore, he never blames other people for his mistakes.

The responsibility for their actions is one of his qualities . That is why people trust your leadership. People know that they will not end up being blamed for an action planned by the leader. On the contrary, it is precisely the leader who is going to assume all the consequences of the acts carried out.

8) The leader shares responsibilities and achievements

Here is an important point. A leader knows how to delegate . He takes into account that he is not capable of doing all the tasks. Therefore, he trusts and needs people.

Likewise, when a success is achieved, it recognizes that it is the fruit of teamwork. He doesn’t take all the credit for himself. He understands that without the help of others he cannot achieve his goals.

Precisely, for that the leader has the capacity to summon people . Get others to follow you and commit to achieving goals. A leader is a true catalyst in this regard.

We hope these leadership tips are helpful. The world needs positive leaders. People who can truly guide effectively and create a paradigm in the times to come.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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