Phobias are known as psychological disorders that affect people to experience fear in an intense and irrational way This arises from stimuli that are perceived as dangerous, therefore phobias in some cases are understood as survival instincts; but developed in an exaggerated way.

To date, more than 200 different types of phobias have been registered , each one of them has its own characteristics and reactions that are directly related to the phobic stimulus. In the same way, according to the statistics of the registries of patients suffering from some type of phobia, more than half of the world population presents some of these typologies. It is also estimated that within this same population it is more common for women to suffer from it.

Considering the complications that the suffering of a phobia can bring to a person’s life, it is proposed to apply different types of treatments that try to focus their efforts on modifying behavior and cognitive patterns . Until now, different types of techniques and tools have been designed for this same purpose, however it seems that in some cases they are more effective compared to others.

Below is a brief analysis in relation to which are the most used recommendations when it comes to overcoming a phobia. It describes which are the most useful tips that are applicable to most types of phobias, also a guide of essential steps to overcome it will be indicated 

Some recommendations and tips

The first recommendation to try to overcome a phobia is to seek the help of a professional psychologist , only they are able to use the most appropriate treatments. Considering that phobias significantly affect the interpersonal relationships of the affected people, it is important to take action on it as soon as possible.

In some cases it is observed that patients are notably affected in their physical and emotional health .

But in the same way it is a condition that begins to have an important impact on daily life within work obligations and also within the home. Some of the patients experience limitations in relation to self-esteem, they can even suffer complications with respect to obsessive compulsive disorders, anxiety disorders and depression. 

It is also very important to have the support of family and friends during the recovery phase. This means that no treatment will be completely effective if you do not have the determination and perseverance that promotes the reception of samples of support. It is imperative that patients do not try to overcome this condition on their own.

Techniques and resources most used 

Currently, there are multiple resources and techniques that make it easier for patients to find the solution that best suits their needs. Some are more popular than others because more of the medical community supports them, but this does not mean that they can also provide positive results in some patients.

Below we describe and analyze some of the most recommended alternatives to try to overcome a phobia. These are usually used to treat most types of phobias, they are the following:

Hypnosis

Hypnosis is known as a technique that works effectively to treat phobias. It consists in that the patient can unconsciously modify memories, thoughts and sensations that are directly related to fear.

When detecting which are the factors that influence the experimentation of panic attacks , we proceed to carry out sessions where the mind is conditioned to relax. The person in charge of performing this procedure will be in charge of guiding the patient to enter a trance state where it is possible to influence their mind.

EMDR

This is his one technique that helps people identify experiment and reflect on any previous experiences that may be related to the phobia. The objective is to reduce how these elements influenced and continue to have an emotional impact on the patient in a negative way.

EFT

This is a similar technique but varies in the application of a certain stimulation by means of acupuncture . This means that it is about modifying the cognitive-behavioral part through the release of emotions and negative sensations in a physical way. The patient will feel that his discomfort is relieved through these sessions.

Relaxation techniques 

This is a very common resource because it allows patients to have better control of anxiety. Considering that fear promotes the experimentation of physical changes perceived as negative, it is important to relax the mind and body to limit the increase in anxiety. This remedy is especially important for people suffering from panic attacks.

Visualization techniques 

This is a little known resource but it is effective in that it allows the patient to learn to deal with situations that frighten them. It consists of the patient himself visualizing himself as having control in a situation where the phobic stimulus is involved.

Cognitive behavioral therapy 

Depending on the indications made by the therapist, these therapies can combine some of the resources previously described. Considering that patients can present different levels of anxiety and fear , it is proposed to design a personalized treatment that focuses on treating those aspects that are most relevant to the patient.

This therapy is effective because it positively modifies the cognitive and cognitive patterns identified as the problem. That is, these factors are those that contribute to fear and anxiety, therefore it represents a limitation that must be modified or eliminated.

Step-by-step guide to help someone who suffers from a phobia

Below is a brief guide of steps that describes the most appropriate actions and decisions to take when trying to overcome a phobia. Each of them focuses on treating some of the most relevant symptoms or aspects of this condition. These are the recommended steps:

  • Negative ideas and thoughts that are related to the phobic object or situation must be modified. To do this, make the patient try to apply some type of relaxation technique that stubbornly maintains a calmer mental state. Learning these techniques is proposed through the help provided by a professional psychologist.
  • Anxiety and intense generalized fear and also does not correspond to the perception of a real danger. Because this greatly influences the behavior of those affected, it is important that they have the support of family and friends to help them during a panic attack.
  • The physiological manifestations generated by the phobia are observed in increased sweating, change in heart rate as well as difficulty in breathing. Muscle tension and tremors are just some of the other most common symptoms, it is important to attend to the patient to try to reduce the intensity of these symptoms.
  • The patient should be helped to feel better during these situations. If it is necessary to avoid contact with the phobic stimulus, support should be provided.
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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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