Communication is a process in which information is exchanged. There are different ways in which it can be done, however the same elements are always present: sender , receiver , medium and message . People with themselves also enter into private communication .

The communication intrapersonal shows a number of particular features. It is important to clarify the difference between interpersonal and intrapersonal . These words are often used to refer to two types of intelligence.

Interpersonal implies that people are enabled to make interactions and establish relationships with other people. It manifests itself through capacities such as empathy , the interpretation of the emotions of others and the understanding of behavioral signals.

Intrapersonal means that you have the ability to identify, understand and process your own emotions . Then, you will be talking about a communication that usually happens consciously, because you know what your own emotions, thoughts and attitudes are.

What is intrapersonal communication? 

It is called intrapersonal communication that is established with himself . This is a process in which the person who issues information is destined to be received by himself. To be more precise, this is a communication based on mental analysis that is carried out privately. This is how you reflect on information perceived from the outside

Through this type of communication, people come into contact with their conscience, which facilitates the process of reflection . It is usually used in order to achieve a calm and motivated psychological state. This benefits performance, because there is greater clarity in mental processes and emotions.

It could be said that intrapersonal communication is essential to be able to create new ideas and thoughts. But also, negative thoughts or emotions can be generated , insecurity, anxiety or fear can be fed. This is because external ideas, thoughts expressed out loud and even information created through dreams also participate.

What are their characteristics? 

This type of communication is characterized by the possibility of reflecting on different ideas. Each individual makes an interpretation according to personal criteria. There are different ways in which this process occurs, some qualities make it different and are the following:

  • You can have self-control of emotions . Therefore, there is emotional stability .
  • It allows for self-understanding , which in turn guarantees good self-esteem .
  • This is an inevitable communication , people have dialogues with themselves. But this also happens through the projection of images and sounds. It is a process that can be controlled in most cases.
  • Communication is unilateral , that is, the person exercises the roles of sender and receiver at the same time. When information is exchanged between two or more people, it is called bilateral or multilateral communication.
  • This is a communication that works as if it were a filter. The individual will interpret and reflect on the messages he sends . It could be said that it helps the person to be more assertive regarding their decisions and behaviors.

Values or norms accepted by society are taken as a reference . In this way, comments or opinions that could have a negative reception, if they are expressed publicly, are self-censored .

  • It is also characterized by internal dialogues in which other people can participate. That is, the first person is usually used but also the second, depending on the circumstance.

Classification and examples 

There are different types of intrapersonal communications. This is classified according to a series of aspects that intervene in the process of sending and receiving information. In addition, particular characteristics are highlighted that allow the sending of messages to promote the performance of certain actions. What they are is described below:

  • Intrapersonal communication between the different parts of the body . It involves the participation of an organ, which is responsible for sending stimuli to the central nervous system that serve as messages. This is how the brain is informed about what is happening in other areas of the system.

Examples of this type are bodily sensations detected through the skin. This informs the nervous system of sensations such as hot and cold, but also pain or tickling. Even basic actions like hunger.

  • Intrapersonal communication aloud is the process that consists of a person talking to himself using his voice. It is already mental . The usefulness of this action is to guarantee paying attention, concentrating, ordering ideas or also generating calm.

It can happen consciously or unconsciously , it is normal to observe that sometimes people talk with themselves when they are suffering from anxiety or stress. Examples of this type are when reading aloud literary texts or chat messages.

  • The negative intrapersonal communication is characterized by thoughts and ideas that affect self – esteem and psychological state. These can be the result of social interactions that generate anguish in the person for different reasons. These are the most common:
  • The catastrophic thoughts manifest themselves through dialogues with himself that reflect guilt, anxiety or rejection.
  • The victimizing thoughts express insecurity and the feeling of feeling unprotected.
  • The irrelevant thoughts occur when people feel to be in a vicious cycle, continually have the same thoughts and perform the same actions. This creates exhaustion and frustration.
  • The self – critical thoughts are characterized by opinions and self – assessments which manifests feel useless or ignored.

How important is it for psychology? 

Intrapersonal communication is important for the human being, because through its use, a series of fundamental needs are satisfied . That is, it depends on these factors: connection, control and stability. These are aspects that are directly related to the psychological state and also to the affective aspects. 

The possibility of having emotional control encourages people to avoid being attracted to risk. A better choice of decisions, possessions, contracts and domains is guaranteed, having safe opportunities.

Likewise, the connection with one’s own feelings and emotions will be in relation to what happens in the environment. People will have a better understanding of themselves and thus will be able to interact with others healthily.

In terms of stability, or consistency, we are talking about the ability to detect threats and opportunities . The environment is constantly being analyzed, seeking to gain an understanding of how it works.

Listening and mastering the inner voice will improve qualities and abilities that regulate emotional control in the long term . It is observed that self-esteem is strengthened and there is full awareness of personal identity. By dialoguing with yourself, you can channel thoughts and ideas effectively.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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