A paradigm is generally understood as a pattern, model or also as a set of referents , which describe a specific procedure. This can be raised from theories that have been verified, for which it is known that through its application a series of predictable results will be obtained.

It becomes a role model that will serve as inspiration for any similar case, but it can even be used as a way to classify knowledge. I can also be compared to a specimen that has characteristics that make it reliable and adaptable to any context, therefore different typologies of paradigms applied to different areas can be identified 

Not only does a paradigm establish the theoretical and practical bases , it also creates a structure where content is hierarchized to which new contributions can later be added. It is an evolutionary process, where any novelty that could have been corroborated will begin to be taken into account.

What are research paradigms?

The basic concept of a paradigm describes a set of ideas, proposals, beliefs and arguments that are related to treat the same topic. In addition, they constitute a criterion or way of interpreting a reality. Therefore, there is a wide typology of universal paradigms which focus their attention on specific issues, defining each of them facilitates their study.

Commonly, each paradigm maintains a direct relationship with the subject or area of ​​knowledge for which it has been associated. In certain areas of knowledge it functions as an analysis tool that facilitates the understanding of structures, hierarchies, sequences, steps or models. For this reason, it has become common that the term paradigm is also comparable to a graphic representation or model.

A paradigm is equivalent to a pattern and a role model. Etymologically, the origin of this term is found in the ancient Greek language, specifically in the word “paradeigma” which can literally be translated as pattern. This word is used to refer to a set of ideas, agreements or norms that share information and objectives because they address the same topic.

What are they for?

Research paradigms have multiple essential utilities. The main one is to provide benefits by guiding the study process , when addressing a problem or topic that requires a precise explanation. That is, when applying it, it guides you to follow the correct steps to analyze and from that framework a wealth of information.

Its use is almost essential when it comes to answering the correct questions, it fixed the objective of the researcher in terms of the goal he is trying to reach. It establishes which are the keys, tools and the results to which more attention should be paid. In this way , a more efficient investigative process will be approached , allowing the results to be reached more quickly.

One way to understand how it works is to describe it as a set of guidelines or regulations. These have been assigned because previous research produced specific results that can be predictable. Premeditated and strict application of these guidelines will eventually lead to a conclusion that will include reliable information.

The application of paradigms in research allows access to adjacent philosophical assumptions. In addition, these models establish a series of norms or steps that, when fulfilled, contribute to an increase in the quality of the investigation. Likewise, the creativity of the researcher is benefited because he will understand ethical parameters that facilitate the collection and analysis of data. 

The educational paradigms. What are its elements? 

In the social sciences beliefs, customs and norms are studied; which together constitute a reference model that governs a group of people. A much broader worldview is maintained, considering various historical aspects.

A research paradigm is ideologically supported from the formulation of a theory. For its formulation, a preliminary investigation is carried out, the final results will be used as reliable references to address the subject. In turn, immediate responses are created to the questions raised at the beginning of this process.

Considering that an investigation can be of any kind, in this case it is understood that there is a multiple diversity of research paradigms. Each of them will maintain a specific criterion and will serve as a guide to study different beliefs, assumptions or values in an objective way.

This type of paradigm depends on the use of a series of essential elements. The first of these is epistemology , which refers to the process of describing the steps taken to reach a result. Another element is ontology which is a branch of philosophy that focuses its attention on the assumptions we use; to believe in something seemingly real or logical.

Perhaps one of the most important elements is the methodology . This is a term that encompasses the entire design process that integrates methods, procedures and approaches necessary to continue with the investigation. There are different types, but data collection is generally mentioned as one of the most widely used information gathering and analysis tools .

Finally, axiology is the element to analyze the ethical problems that are usually faced during the investigative processes. You always have to take into account the prior planning of a proposal, which has a precise approach to make the right decisions. This means that all the ethical concepts that will govern the research must be understood, evaluated and eventually defined.

Paradigms for Scientific Research

The application of research paradigms applied to the scientific field aim to try to predict and generate results or behaviors . That is, knowledge that has been obtained through the use of reliable research techniques was handled, which allow knowing the truth. So it is a knowledge model that is compatible with any type of hypothesis testing.

All the questions raised within this field are verifiable and quantifiable. Likewise, the results obtained are transferable to other future investigations, serving as reliable references of processes carried out following a rigorous methodology. 

For some years now, it has been observed that most of the natural sciences develop their investigative processes using this paradigm. Quantitative methodologies are mainly applied, this is the case of sciences such as biology and geography for example.

For the sciences it is of vital importance because the paradigms guide the researcher by providing models of solutions to specific problems. But in addition, they can help to ask the most appropriate questions because a representative scheme is created, which integrates everything related to the research, systematization and data validation process.

It is a systematic activity that develops a multiplicity of hypothetical propositions. A critical stance and an experimental methodology are maintained, necessary for the search for knowledge.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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