The definition of person, as a formal concept, has been subject to extensive debate. From different points of view, different theories are established that have been developed to use this word, adapting to various topics.

The most common acceptance of the concept is when it comes to referring to an individual, a human being who has his own characteristics . But also, it is a word that is used legally to refer to a society, that is, to a group of people.

The origin of this term is found in the ancient Greek language, it is associated with the word “propon”. This was used to refer to the masks used by classical theater actors, etymologically person means “character” .

Starting from this origin, it could be defined that a person is the result of a series of characteristics that help define an individual , with respect to their personality . There is another explanation which states that the word has its origin in the term “persono”, in the infinitive “personare”. These words refer to the action of making the voice sound, or making oneself heard. Starting from this idea, it could be said that the word designates the action carried out by the actors on stage, trying to make the public listen to them.

What is a person?

What is a person

The word ‘person’ is usually designated to the own identity of an individual. It also refers to self-awareness . This is a broad concept. From the point of view of psychology this word is used to refer to a specific individual, this will have physical and psychic characteristics that help define it.

A person has a unique condition, he possesses sensitivity, intelligence and his own will. These are typical elements of humanity, we can speak of natural persons, also of an ideal or of a legal entity. These are other conditions of the same word, usually it refers to human beings but it can also be a state, organization, society or even a corporation.

From the point of view of anthropology, a person is a structure that is independent. From the social point of view a person will have an identity and a personal history. He has a name and a set of characteristics that make him an easy-to-identify individual. Regardless of the perspective from which you want to approach this issue, a person will always be linked to unique characteristics. Individuality and rationality are highlighted as main characteristics.

In psychology a person is a specific being, the emotional and psychic aspects of the individual are taken into account, which are unique. The sum of various characteristics that help define personality, behavior, feelings, and emotions ; they are mainly the elements that help define a person. These characteristics are in constant movement and contradiction, it is a permanent evolutionary process.

What are the characteristics?

During the developmental stage of an individual, a series of structural and functional characteristics begin to be created . Most of them are acquired and others are innate. Together they help to form a defined behavior. It will be possible to show different aspects of the personality according to the situations that it is necessary to face.

  • You are aware of your own responsibilities and limitations.   The rational nature, which is the essence of any individual, will have a close relationship with his social facet. People have the ability to reason and also to decide on their own actions, the individual is free to demonstrate a part of himself.
  • What has been learned during previous experiences is made manifest , in this way the thoughts, memories, desires and needs are shown. Each individual or person is unique, therefore they will also have a personality that is unrepeatable.
  • Personality is an adaptive characteristic , each individual tries to understand their environment and chooses their own identity.

Qualities of a person studied in psychology

Qualities of a person studied in psychology

The study of the person concept is intrinsically related to psychology. The study of the rational and intelligent individual , who is aware of his own actions and thoughts, gives him a unique identity. These characteristics are independent and take shape through the intervention of different factors.

The behavior of a person is defined by a series of characteristic features of the individual. The thought, feeling and reasoning; all are elements studied by psychology. Taking into account that personality encompasses all these definitions, psychology tries to establish consistent relationships. This is how cognitive and affective aspects are identified . You can understand personal motivations.

Theoretical models for the study of the person from psychology

  • Psychology as a discipline tries to formally study the characteristic aspects of the personality. A person can be analyzed by using different types of theoretical models. The internalist model establishes that behavior depends on personal variables, that is, innate characteristics of the individual himself.
  • The situationist model proposes that external causes are those that help shape a person. Behavior therefore is the result of learning. Instead, the interactionist model determines that behavior is the result of the combination of personal and situational variables.
  • A person has his own identity which tries to adapt to the environment. It is characterized by showing positive but also negative aspects, these will be judged according to social considerations . Qualities as imparted, sincerity, honesty and respect; are some of the personality traits.

In this case, psychology tries to help those individuals or people who show dysfunctional traits. People who show some type of personality disorder may show difficulties in defining their own identity.

If certain psychological aspects prevent being able to act in a certain way, as well as avoid having contact with reality, it means that there is an imbalance in the mental state.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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