To have a better understanding of the events and changes that occur in a society, it is taken as referring to population phenomena. These become objective indicators that indicate which events have made a difference, between a before and after. This means that it is possible to identify salient aspects in terms of social events that have left an important mark on the history of a state, country or region.

In general terms, not only those aspects of a political or economic nature are considered , but also those related to the cultural and social part of a community. These phenomena also provide information which is collected over several years, these when studied together following the same order in which they happened; eventually they allow the causes and effects of certain situations to be tracked.

Specifically, it is considered that the study of population phenomena is an important tool not only for sociology as a science. It will also acquire special relevance for other sciences such as psychology. Next in this article a brief analysis will be made in relation to this topic, it identifies what are the characteristics of these phenomena and how they are related to psychology today.

What are population phenomena?

Population phenomena are recognized as a set of facts that have relevance for a society . This means that they have a direct impact on not only cultural development, but also economic and political development.

They are generally considered as events that have a strong impact on a society, area, region or country . This means that they have a high degree of importance for a demographic state because they cause changes in the population, not only are they cultural or political events, they could also be natural events.

All these phenomena will have a close relationship with events such as the increase in the birth rate or, on the other hand, the death rate. For example, to refer to the latter case it can be taken as referring to events such as epidemics and natural disasters .

But those events that affect the tranquility of a population or country must also be taken into consideration, these have an unforeseen nature and have notable short and long-term repercussions . This is the case of migration and also the immigration of a locality, in both scenarios the mobilization of large groups of people is observed for different reasons that could be political or economic.

What are their characteristics?

The main characteristic of these phenomena is that they will always refer to processes and considerations that have special relevance. These can be associated with territorial, geographical or spatial contexts that are important for the population to analyze and understand. Not only do they provide information about the territory from the physical point of view, they also serve as references as parameters and conditions that demonstrate the dynamic relationships that occur over time.

Considering that a population and its territory undergo different types of processes that describe a transformation , they also indicate how life and exploitation of the resources found there have been carried out.

Statistical and demographic tools are used to measure and study these phenomena . Similarly, geographic information systems and other types of systems designed in order to have quantitative and qualitative information in order are used as references.

All the information provided by these phenomena is valuable because it allows analysis and comparisons to be made, later projections are made for the future. In the same way, the natural and constant tendencies that occur in the different activities that occur within human populations are observed in a better way. This is the case of life in cities and its commerce through the different markets.

Population aspects that have a direct relationship with social and economic phenomena must also be considered . For example, in some nations births are limited and measures that go against migration are also implemented through questionable measures that create friction with what is established in the law.

They are also characterized by showing the magnitude and composition of a population within a certain period of time . This serves to determine the future demands and needs of that same population and its next generation. Demographic projections become an essential instrument for constructing and evaluating possible scenarios, taking as a reference current trends with respect to the structure, volume and dynamics of the same group.

Some examples

Some of the most important population phenomena are described below. Mention is made of what their defining characteristics are, but it is also analyzed because they are important to analyze. They are as follows:

Public health 

Here, mention is made of the set of decisions and actions that are carried out in order to prevent diseases. In other words, measures are implemented that try to guarantee the good health of citizens through different organized efforts. For this, decisions are made that take into account the knowledge of society collected through public and private organizations.

An interdisciplinary approach is maintained , integrating health policy and administration, epidemiology, biostatistics, environmental health, and social and behavioral sciences. Therefore, a broad perspective is maintained in which all aspects that can influence people’s health are taken into consideration.

The migration 

This is a phenomenon characterized by the displacement of a certain amount of the population . This occurs for different reasons, these individuals have a point of origin and go to another destination. Sometimes they carry with them all the necessary resources to facilitate the change of residence or habitat.

Considering that carrying out this action may be the consequence of social problems such as violence, racism, unemployment or natural disasters . In any of these scenarios, people may find it necessary to make decisions of this type in a compulsory way or on their own.

It is necessary to differentiate emigration from immigration , both are related but different facts. Immigration is characterized by the displacement of a country, region or area; in order to adopt another permanent and permanent residence. Instead, immigration is a process in which people who emigrate are welcomed.

Birth rate

This is a phenomenon that indicates what the measure of fertility is , specifically the number of births that occurs within a population. It represents being a positive scenario and an advantage because it guarantees that the new generations preserve everything related to the community where they were born.

Mortality rate

This indicator indicates the number of deaths within a population in a given period of time. Unfortunately, this is a less positive indicator, which also serves as a reference to understand what actions and decisions have led to consequences of this type.

In less developed countries the mortality rate has been found to be considerably higher. This means that in more developed countries the birth rate is higher and the mortality rate lower, this is because the quality of life in these areas guarantees a better life for its residents.

How do they relate to psychology? 

The importance of the study of psychology is that it has a better understanding of all social facts. In other words, there is a broader and more accurate perspective of those events that not only have an impact on the community; but also at the individual level. The possibility that these same events could continue to have repercussions on future generations should not be ruled out.

For the scientific community, both psychologists as well as sociologists and other social sciences and humanities, these phenomena will always provide relevant information when it comes to doing research on certain topics. For example, in the case of migration, it will provide details of the family environment, economic prospects, life and social expectations of a group of people.

Political conflicts, wars, family and academic problems as well as economic poverty are just some elements that should not be ignored. Also the cultural threat, the aging of the population, the emotional damages in individuals of different ages and other types of psychological problems are also other relevant aspects.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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