From the point of view of psychology , a crisis is a temporary state . It is characterized by a manifestation of disorder . Those who suffer from it have the inability to handle any situation both emotionally and intellectually.

A typical trait of people who suffer from a crisis is the total inability to solve problems that they previously handled on a daily basis.

In the midst of one, individuals lose the ability and resources to adapt . Something that draws attention to wealth’s defensive mechanism will stop working. In such a circumstance, any problem exceeds only capabilities.

For the aforementioned reasons, a crisis warrants professional help. From a psychological point of view, there are ways to help the person restore their mental and emotional balance It is important to indicate that your treatment should give immediate results. A crisis is an emergency. It must be attended to promptly and ensure that the person leaves this state immediately.

The types of seizures in psychology

His study occupies several pages in psychology . There has always been a question as to why people fall into such states. In that case, the need to typify it has arisen. In this regard, there is a certain consensus in admitting that there are two classes:

  • Circumstantial crises: they occur in an unexpected circumstance. People run into a traumatic event and fail to react. For example, in case of earthquakes there are people who remain static, without moving, or crying. They do not move to protect themselves. It is a typical state of crisis where there is no response to the situation.
  • Development crises: they are gradually brewing. They appear before predictable situations, but the person is diminishing. For example: when a family member dies from a chronic illness. In such cases, there are people who explode after the death of the family member. Sometimes this does not happen during the immediate moment, but days later when it seemed that everything was already calm.

Each type has a different psychological treatment . Therefore, it is 100% to know how to differentiate and recognize them. Likewise, it is mandatory to know the cause to prevent it from reappearing. On the triggers of the crises, we mention in the next section of this text.

The causes of crises

There are several causes that can lead to a crisis . To a large extent, people react critically and with predisposition to their personality . That is, the same reasons that cause it in someone do not have the same effect on other people.

In this case, there are certain circumstances that can gradually lead to a crisis . Others generate this behavioral reaction explosively. Let’s see some causes of this circumstance below:

  • Accidents, unexpected events or traumatic events . For example, after a car crash. Also, it is observed that there are people who go into crisis in moments of violence. Such is the case of people who do not know how to react when they are victims of crime.
  • The death of a family member or loved one often creates a sudden crisis.
  • Also, be victims of abuse or bullying constantly for a long time. The feeling of resentment and anger appears, which accumulates and appears in an explosive way.
  • The stressful situations and prolonged also accumulate, giving rise to what is called a cumulative crisis.
  • The loss of a job, the closure of a life cycle , or any other circumstance to which a person does not know how to react.
  • Patients who are diagnosed with a serious illness often have seizures.
  • Also, the loss of a valuable asset . It is a difficult situation in which people lose the ability to react.

Knowing the cause of the crisis is an essential tool to treat it . Also, to prevent it. In certain cases, they are unavoidable – people will experience them when the catalytic event occurs. Therefore, such people must be helped to be prepared for such contingencies.

The phases of a psychological crisis

Although his expression is sudden , the truth is that certain stages are detailed. Each of them is succinctly described in the following list:

  1. Explosion: it is when the crisis happens, an immediate reaction that the sufferer cannot control. It can be crying, freezing, fainting, anger, violence, etc.
  2. Denial: once the explosive reaction calms down, you tend to deny what happened. The non-acceptance of the event that triggers the crisis.
  3. Intrusion: after the denial, comes a kind of traumatic grief. It can encompass nightmares or regrets. A tendency to recall or relive the episode too often.
  4. Re-elaboration of the lived experience: the person tends to remake the facts, deforming them. Even falling back to the place where the trauma happened. Or see it repeatedly in news, videos, etc. In this phase, the person needs professional help.
  5. Consummation: it is the final stage. The person overcomes the crisis and accepts the fact. He even assumes it as an apprenticeship. All psychological treatment seeks that the patient ends up consummating the event that caused the crisis.

Why is it relevant to know the stages of a crisis? For one reason: it must flow, complete from phase 1 to 5. It is not a good idea to cut it, because sooner or later it will restart. The only way to cure it is for it to complete its entire cycle: from “explosion” to “consummation.” 

How is the treatment of a crisis?

Psychologists can do this activity in many ways. In this case, the most repeated protocol (although each patient is different) is the one mentioned below:

  • Calm the explosive phase , even with medication if necessary.
  • You need a good bond with the patient . The connection between psychologist and person with crisis must be very well achieved.
  • It is necessary for the patient to vent . Let him tell the story of what happened in order to release the contained energy.
  • In turn, this story allows the psychologist to understand the causes of the crisis.
  • The emotional treatment is to remove the traumatic event Affective. The way to do it is for the person to rationalize it.
  • From the psychic point of view, it is necessary to help the patient to have a real idea of ​​the event . Seizure patients analyze, remember and think about what traumatizes them in a distorted way.
  • Monitor the reworking phase . Perhaps, it is the most important for treatment. You have to go through this stage, but the patient can relapse if he is not cared for correctly.

Carrying out this treatment, the patient is accompanied in the crisis. The idea is to lead to the consummation in order to overcome this problem.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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