Recognition of patterns of behavior

The importance of understanding the recognition of patterns of behavior is crucial for psychology and its study in human beings. It is also applicable to the study of animals in their various species, considering that they are living beings that are characterized by having less developed thinking. In this case it is more interesting because in part its survival depends on this ability to recognize food or dangerous situations. 

Because the human brain is more developed in comparison, it could be compared in a more equitable way with the brain of lower mammals. The survival of any species that inhabits the planet depends on the development of this capacity. 

What are patterns of behavior?

The recognition of behavior patterns refers to a cognitive process, which depends on a stimulus that activates memory. That is, certain information is sent through a stimulus, this same is associated with certain memories that are later recovered. 

People are sensitive to what happens in the environment, therefore the entry of new records depends on the capacity of short-term memory. This is how automatic activation begins in a specific memory area. Examples of this type are found in the order of numbers or the alphabet, people learn this information by repetition recognizing these patterns. 

Basically the recognition of patterns at a generalized level allows people to predict and expect results that they already know . It is a process of recognition in which the mind learns to match information that is received with another that is already stored within memory. This process is called by the identification name, it depends largely on experience and semantic memory, the latter is used unconsciously. 

As for its application to human behavior, it is about the recognition of norms that are associated with character. These are distinctive models learned by experience and that serve as a guide for understanding the behavior of other people in certain circumstances. It is about the identification of external realities that consecutively show information within social experiences. 

Psychologically, the behavior patterns correspond to aspects learned within a society. These are learned and repeated in perpetuity, it is a structure that integrates all the elements that make up and influence the conformation of an individual’s personality . These are characteristics that are easy to perceive within certain contexts, patterns are created whose results are apprehended and copied, always showing the same results. 

Main theories for recognition

So far 6 theories are handled which try to explain the operation of this ability. These can be applied in the daily life of most people, they are not exclusive but they cannot be applied to all cases. 

They explain how word recognition, body language, music language work, and even how people interact in a much broader way. Each of these theories is applicable to various activities where facial, gestural and auditory recognition are of special relevance They are as follows: 

1.- Template matching

There is that theory considered the main and the most important. Describes a process by which each target that is automatically perceived is stored in memory. This same represents a “model” or a “template”, it is a long-term reference. 

Later this information is used to make comparisons with other templates, there are sensory elements with multiple representations that facilitate a more specific conceptual understanding . The foundation of this theory depends on the understanding of the perception of the human being of the external world. Everything that a person learns throughout his life is through direct exposure; which helps to obtain information that shapes the future perception of the external world. 

2.- Matching prototypes

This is a theory that explains the comparison of prototypes, that is, it compares sensory information. The possibility is proposed that exposure to certain stimuli allows the creation of samples, these are made up of a series of shared characteristics . This creates a typical prototype that is flexible in the variability of items that can continue to be added. 

Examples of this type are found in objects such as chairs, pencils or even cars. Considering that they present similar characteristics, these can still be recognized, regardless of whether certain aspects of their design or employability are changed 

3.- Analysis of characteristics

This theory proposes that human beings detect characteristics through the nervous system , these are classified and later filtered depending on the stimuli that have been perceived. The system depends on the use of individual neurons and other group neurons , these are in charge of decoding information displayed as unique specific characteristics. 

The complexity of this theory lies in the capacity for perception and detection. The relationship between both elements is basic and responds to simple properties of the stimuli. When some features are repeated showing up in a sequence, this is when the patterns are identified. 

4.- Component recognition theory

This is a theory that has similarities to feature detection, however the approach is different. In this case, greater importance is given to the ascending characteristics that are part of the processed stimuli, this means that people recognize the objects by decomposing them into basic geometric shapes in 3D.

This is the breakdown of a set into several recognizable items. The different variation that allows the creation of new objects using the same geometric shapes, patterns stored in the memory of elements formed with a virtually unlimited number of the same elements are created. More specific information such as finishes, with cavities, edges and textures is added. Thus the staff regardless of the angle of view or lighting will be able to recognize them. 

5.- Top-down processing 

Top-down processing depends on the use of background information. This means that prior knowledge is used to make predictions about new information that has recently been acquired. The approach of this theory is based on studies that show that part of the information that is lost is due to the limitation of the senses to be able to perceive all the information. It is estimated that at least 90% of such content cannot be captured for various reasons. 

Then the perception is built based on hypotheses or propositions that depend on past experiences and information that is already stored. Sometimes incorrect ideas are created that lead to errors such as visual or auditory illusions for example. 

6.- Bottom-up processing 

Bottom-up processing proposes that control of data depends on stimulation of sensory receptors . This means that it is a more straightforward process and that it is not necessarily subject to assumptions. That is, each sensation is perceived without there being an additional interpretation, enough information is received from the environment to have a complete understanding of the external world. 

For this theory it is also known by the name of ecological theory , they are because it is based on an explanation where the elements of the environment are more important. 

How is the proccess?

Basically, recognition is a type of process or retrieval of previous information stored in memory. A list of images, sounds, words, and even sensations is constantly being analyzed. The recovery phase of this information can occur in different ways. 

There are different ways in which the recognition process is explained. In the first case, seriation is described , basically it is the ability to organize elements in a logical order within a quantitative dimension. That is, elements such as age, weight or length are taken into account; it is a capacity that can only be fully developed after the infant stage. 

In order to carry it out, it must be understood that objects and everything in the environment has specific dimensions. Proper stability development is associated with problem solving because manual tasks can be recognized and completed. 

Relevant or distinctive traits can also be extracted and selected . This is a process that can be called survey, a set of traits which is called a pattern is compared with others that may present similarities to each other. However, this is a process that can make it difficult to understand abstract ideas and concepts. 

You can have different approaches to classification, for example there is the statistical approach based on metrics and metric spaces. On the other hand, there is also the approach where automatic numerical measurements of more formal languages ​​are made.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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