One of the most common types of harassment is sexual in nature. Those who suffer it must tolerate unwanted behavior of a sexual nature, it can occur in any space where both the harasser and the victim coincide. For it. whoever carries out harassment and persecution will try to intimidate, humiliate and offend in order to achieve their objective.

This is one of the most common social problems that does not discriminate age or gender , there are also no limits regarding the social or economic condition of those involved. However, in recent years there has been an increase in cases in which women between the ages of 15 and 40 are harassed.

From the point of view of the law, sexual harassment is considered a type of violence and violation of fundamental rights . It is a problem not only of health but also of public safety, for this reason a series of norms have been established that try to regulate the actions that must be implemented in these cases.

Basically sexual harassment consists of showing behavior that is offensive and unpleasant, due to its sexual connotation. For this, the perpetrator will try to make insinuations and unwanted physical contacts , you can resort to the use of resources such as pornography. Demands and threats violate the safety of those who suffer it, which is why it is difficult to make complaints.

The victims are afraid to suffer discriminatory treatment could mean permanently affect your reputation. It could also mean getting fired from your job or starting to have problems at home. The repetition of persecution and harassment has a negative impact on mental health, it will also have permanent effects on physical health, mainly due to beatings and humiliation.

What is sexual harassment?

The definition of sexual harassment describes a type of violence that is expressed not only physically, but also takes into account behaviors and actions that violate psychological stability. The purpose of harassment is to meet the aggressor’s sexual needs .

To achieve its mission, it begins to take actions that cause negative effects on the personal safety of the victim. Then the bully will select a direct or indirect target, try to exercise power and control to intimidate and humiliate . It is about establishing a position of superiority with respect to the person attacked, he will begin to be constantly harassed until finally he is forced to perform sexual acts against his will.

This type of harassment can occur in different circumstances and there are no limits to who the victim could be. Statistically, cases of sexual harassment have been registered within the family as well as academic and work environments. In all cases, it can be identified that the aggressor maintains a direct relationship and a higher hierarchical position that benefits him to be able to fulfill his sexual desires.

How is a case of sexual harassment identified?

In order to identify cases of sexual harassment, it must be considered that they tend to go unnoticed in the public eye. Bullies tend to harass victims without the presence of third parties, so statistically there are few cases where there are witnesses. The aggressors maintain the same patterns of violence because they understand that these actions violate psychological stability .

This aspect makes it easier for victims to feel fear at the possibility of reporting this situation, feelings of guilt may also develop at the possibility of being responsible for these events. Bullies know how to manipulate and influence their victims to think negatively of themselves.

Sexual harassment develops through both physical and verbal behaviors, they are behaviors based on sex. The purpose is to violate the dignity and security of those who suffer from these offenses. To be able to identify it properly, these certain concrete actions must be differentiated from others. There are a large number of behaviors that can be included in the set of actions typical of sexual harassment.

Usually begins by making comments with sexual content, they can refer to a person’s body or clothing. These can be done verbally or also using resources such as social networks. The next step is to achieve physical rapprochement , for this, personal space is no longer respected.

Some attackers could even resort to theft or appropriation of personal objects such as clothing. Occasionally the aggressor will appear in spaces in which it is usual for the victim to carry out their daily activities. In the most serious cases, the victims are harassed within their homes, also where they work or complete their academic days.

These events eventually take place within a private sphere, the attacker manages to hide his steps from the gaze of third parties. But finally all the people related to the social circle of those involved and other individuals in the environment, will begin to realize the situation. These behaviors will expose the abuse that the victim is suffering.

Those who suffer from harassment are still the ones who decide whether to finally take action, reporting the harasser turns out to be a complex process. Having evidence and also witnesses are both determining factors when making a formal complaint .

What are its limits and consequences?

Considering that not all types of sexual harassment are the same, the severity of the consequences also varies in each case. The victim generally feels intimidated and unprotected , so it is recommended to pay attention to the change in habitual behavior.

Verbal and gestural expressions are usually the ones that allow us to identify what is happening. Some people may deny the facts because they have been threatened with far more serious consequences.

Blackmails are part of the serious situations that they must tolerate, the repetition of unwanted physical contact is the limit between those allowed. Access to touching, kissing, caressing and other types of sexual favors; They are the actions that they must comply with if they do not want to suffer more serious consequences. The stalker can control the life of the victim by claiming that he is capable of causing her to be publicly humiliated, lose her job, alienate family and friends, and even kill.

The consequences are multiple and for that reason, at the social level, timely solutions are still being sought, since they affect at least one third of the world’s population. Making bullying visible to society is an important first step, thus making progress in many aspects, since it is guaranteed to avoid discrimination against victims .

Understanding the vulnerability of those who are bullied, they must be understood, heard and also taken into consideration. It turns out to be a difficult step to take the possibility of reporting the attacker, so they need the support of family and friends .

It is important to take all necessary measures to keep the bully away from the victim . In some cases, it may be difficult to prove the veracity of the testimony, making the participation of witnesses paramount. The possible consequences of making these reports can be the dismissal or isolation of the person who has suffered from the harassment.

To provide psychological assistance involving people close do feel safe victim is required. In addition, guarantees must be provided when relying on the judgment of the authorities in charge of dealing with these cases. Sometimes the constant questions could affect the emotions of the person who is recounting what happened, psychologists are usually the best people to ask these questions.

Having professional help is not only about medical and psychological personnel, but also at the legal level, lawyers must collect all possible evidence. At all times, greater importance should be given to working on the trauma generated in the victim, through psychotherapy and attention in the physical consequences .

Finally, the feeling of guilt or shame that the harassed person is suffering must be changed . Under no circumstances are these people responsible for the events, the harasser is the one who initiates and decides to continue. For this reason, it is very important that the people around the victim believe and do not question the data provided on the account of the events. This step is important to prevent the victim from relapsing or being unable to recover.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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