Society is made up of individuals who together help to form it. The interaction that is generated between them, causes that diverse types of social relations develop; which in turn enriches the culture and relationships between all members.

Activities such as sports and games are a part of that interaction, there are patterns and groupings based on similarities and differences that depend on certain psychological, but also physical characteristics.

Establishing these similarities helps create a chain of relationships between all individuals. These conditions can be geographical, professional, educational, generational, sexual, family, and more.

The same interests are shared , human beings depend on others to survive but also to maintain good psychological stability.

The cultural conditions of a society prevent monotony in people’s lives. The social system establishes relationships that benefit all those involved, leading to a great variety of human behaviors and divisions by groups.

This is how a complex process of specialization develops , each person depends on the society to which they belong to satisfy their own basic needs such as food, protection and education.

What is society?

A society is defined as a group of people who become involved with each other because of persistent relationships . This grouping can be the consequence of sharing the same geographical territory, being subject to the same political authority or having the same cultural characteristics.

Human societies are identified by the relationships that are generated between each of their individuals who share distinctive characteristics. In larger societies, patterns of stratification or domination among subgroups can often be identified .

A society can also be made up of people who have like-minded ideas, then they have their own rules and establish a series of dominant values . A society can also be an economic, social or even industrial infrastructure.


Society is characterized by a series of norms and ideals , these in turn fulfill a function that depends on each type of society. In some cases considerable differences can be found between one and the other, but this also depends on other factors such as the economy and geography.

Even historical and political factors can influence the creation and construction of a society.

The following are the characteristics of a society , most of them are identifiable today. These elements can be considered as common:

  • Society identifies itself as a group of humans on a large scale.
  • It tries to satisfy the needs of all its members equally.
  • You have a sense of belonging and cooperation. It can be described as an association that can be permanent.
  • It is an abstract concept, because social relationships can be felt, imagined or not seen.
  • All members of a society depend on all other members.
  • A society is organized.
  • Similarities and differences are established. From this characteristic there is a great variety of human behaviors and roles.
  • Among the members of a society there is awareness that there are various “types” of people.
  • A society is always in constant change and evolution.
  • Each society has its own means to survive on its own in most cases, although it also maintains supportive and helpful relationships with others.
  • There is a social system that is self-sufficient.
  • A society has a durability that is longer than groups and communities.
  • Each society has a unique culture.


In any social system there are a series of collective functions , these help the system to be maintained and also to develop. One of them is biological reproduction, which is a basic function of the population.

They have multiple benefits, not only for the institution of the family, it also has economic functions. In the case of political functions, collective social decisions in most cases depend on a government institution.

These functions are carried out through social institutions , thus functions are assigned to each individual, which in turn is integrated into a general process that takes resources of some kind.

The individual and functional tasks within a system help to create an interaction between all the heterogeneous positions that are specialized, this is called role. A role is defined as a set of behaviors and actions performed by someone who has a particular social status.

Roles such as being a mother or a teacher, each one constitutes a responsibility, expectation, norm and a set of behaviors that must be fulfilled for the system to function smoothly.

Each individual has a role within the organization that ensures that some collective function is fulfilled. The roles are reciprocal : doctor and patient as well as teacher and student.

In social systems, organization charts help define how these relationships are established. In more formal situations, more specific protocols are also defined in the interaction of each person.

It is also necessary to establish a set of rules, these define how the entire process should be carried out. This is where social institutions accompanied by a set of instructions come into play .

Society structure 

The social structure is formed from social institutions . These are born from the family and later educational institutions, economic institutions, political institutions and finally religious institutions. These five institutions are considered to be basic and are part of most societies around the world.

A social structure is defined as a distinctive and stable disposition of each of the institutions and groups of human beings in the same society. In this way they interact and coexist , a certain order is established which is accepted by the majority of its members.

However, it must be understood that it is common for a society to have conflicts for the proper integration of all its members, which is why there is a tendency towards inequality.

This is one of many sociological phenomena interpersonal interactions can occur in different ways and be influenced by various factors such as generational differences and crimes.

Also a social structure depends on the social relations that are molded from interactions that are generated particularly in each social entity. Some social activities help create structures that are tailored to the events that are occurring, as well as the particular needs of their members .

Social life depends on time and space dimensions alike. Each interaction occurs at specific times, for periods and that can be connected with others.

Routines, territorial limits as well as property rules are some of these examples. All these factors determine the use and possession of social resources, as well as the position that each individual occupies.

Likewise , kinship relationships and commercial or patrimonial agreements help to create hierarchical structures. Social organizations are a complex subject that requires a deep analysis through the use of various study methods.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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