Socio-emotional skills are a set of faculties that allow you to regulate and understand your own emotions and those of others. These help to feel and show empathy, therefore they are essential to be able to establish positive social relationships.

Developing these types of skills allows you to make more responsible and assertive affective decisions . These are tools that promote a healthier relationship socially, they are considered as a fundamental part of the personal development of each individual. They not only allow to accept oneself, they also promote a relationship with the environment that is healthier.

What are socio-emotional skills?

Social-emotional skills are defined as behaviors that are learned during the first stage of development. These allow you to establish a relationship with the environment, in which you have a better understanding of the feelings , emotions , behaviors and opinions of other people.

It can be said that the main characteristic that this type of ability possesses is empathy . By generating this positive response, there will be greater self-control and self-knowledge , a better dexterity is demonstrated when creating social relationships.

There are different types of skills that belong to this classification, they are considered to be basic and essential because they are part of the socialization process of the human being . Some others have been classified as secondary, because to start using them they depend on the acquisition of the former.

These skills begin to be learned from childhood, within the family and academic environment. These allow to cement the personality of each individual, this is how capacities are developed that are related to adaptability at a social level .

They are skills that help to learn to use assertive communication , in addition to solving conflicts. By not being fully developed, there will be a greater probability that problems related to self-esteem and the ability to relate will develop .

What are their characteristics?

These skills have a series of characteristics that are identified by particular behaviors . During the development of a person from childhood , through adolescence and the beginning of adulthood ; it can be seen that specific responses to certain situations change dramatically.

The verbal behaviors physical emotional and affective ; they are all aspects that reflect cognitive processes related to socio-emotional skills. Some of the more important features are described below:

  • Gestures such as smiling and saying hello are both considered to be a way of communicating appreciation and appreciation. Behaviors such as introducing yourself, the kindness of courtesy; they also allow to promote the initiation of an interaction.
  • These behaviors are identifiable at certain times when an interaction is being generated at the social level. For these to manifest themselves, they depend on contextual and personal factors .
  • They allow to achieve social objectives , this is because they are adapted to the demands of each situation. Therefore, each behavior is conditioned to the characteristics of the type of interaction that is being generated.
  • Some of them can be learned through training , this occurs every time any type of intervention is experienced in social activities.
  • These correspond to the emotional states of the individuals who are interacting. From childhood you learn to interpret emotional needs , both personal and those of others.
  • They are constituted from both verbal and gestural behaviors . This is how communication is achieved, because expression is facilitated.
  • They depend on social reinforcement , this means that through various actions a positive reinforcement can be generated.
  • All types of social relationships play a role. They also have an influence on the construction of self-esteem and self-identification.

Types and examples of socio-emotional skills 

The different types and examples of social-emotional skills help to better understand how they work and influence interpersonal relationships. These in turn intervene in the process of development of aspects of the personality. Undoubtedly, they are essential psychological tools for proper personal development. Here are some examples:

  • The self is a process which is carried out assessments in connection with their own limitations, strengths and abilities . It is about maintaining a realistic perspective, which also maintains a connection with your own feelings. Has an important participation when setting goals.
  • The social consciousness describes the ability to achieve adopt different perspectives in order to understand what happens in the environment. This is a positive interaction tool , as it takes into account the rights and aspirations of others. In addition, there is greater awareness of one’s duties.
  • The empathy is a skill that is generated at the time to experience the emotions and opinions of others. It is the action of putting oneself in the place of others.
  • An assertive communication helps maintain a relationship of mutual respect with others.
  • The resilience is described as a capability that allows maintaining a firm position in difficult situations. It is the way in which you react appropriately to traumatic or stressful situations.
  • The Perseverance is a positive attitude that enables achieving goals.
  • The collaboration combines qualities to coordinate, and maintain continuity in the pursuit of achieving a goal in common. Collaboration is an essential part of society, because it maintains a coexistence in which everyone benefits.
  • Self- management is the ability to identify and use one’s own emotions .

What are its advantages? 

They are important because they are strongly linked to educational development , through their use the maximum potential is reached. He began to make a topic of study relevant to the pedagogical field from the middle of the 20th century.

Intellectual and emotional aspects are taken into account , these have a strong impact in the social sphere. Cognitively, people show greater intelligence, which guarantees the power to achieve academic and professional success.

According to the results shown in different studies, it can be affirmed that these skills play a leading role during the development of self-esteem and other cognitive abilities . Social-emotional skills promote adequate learning during the developmental stage from childhood. They are associated with positive experiences and broaden the perspective of critical thinking .

These tools help solve problems of different types and generate new solutions . People who develop these skills will know how to focus their attention on specific objectives and will also achieve better management of their emotions.

On the other hand, they are people who are characterized by having a better professional and academic performance, this is because they will make more responsible decisions . They have behaviors that are far from negative aspects of the personality such as addictions and violent attitudes.

For this reason, it can be affirmed that the social circles to which they belong, provide them with a healthy and creative environment. Social-emotional skills promote a balanced emotional state .

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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