Life in community is linked to the idea of ​​solidarity, a naturally human disposition to act and collaborate according to a common goal. Communities and societies are united by values ​​and objectives of a more or less empathic and more or less rational nature.

Communities and societies establish emotional bonds of collaboration, love and rational will, according to set specific objectives. The sense of community and solidarity is superimposed on the individualistic will to power of the individual, in order to preserve social cohesion.

What is solidarity?

Compassion and solidarity are notions that are closely related. Compassion is the emotional identification with the pain of others, which is expressed through a feeling of solidarity.

The term “solidarity” derives from the Latin (soliditas), which means the compact and homogeneous arrangement of a thing, whose constituent elements have the same origin. On the other hand, the word also defines fortuitous fidelity to the cause or the company of other people.

For the Judeo-Christian religion, the word solidarity appears associated with brotherhood : the human will that pursues the good of others, under the awareness that individuals are all equal in dignity, because they are children of God.

Underlying the social mission of the Catholic Church is the notion of mutual help linked to the meanings of detachment, responsibility and generosity.

Solidarity is essential in legal matters. In fact, the idea of ​​a partner would be improbable without solidarity, without the individual responsibility involved in attending to the obligations of a society (financial, for example). Solidarity in the legal field entails shared commitment.

What are their characteristics?

The human being is gregarious by nature. The sense of solidarity comes precisely from their own nature. Subjects live in society out of a vital need: individual development is impossible without the help of others. On the notion of solidarity in sociology, the specialist É. Durkheim establishes two aspects. On the one hand, as a social fact and, on the other, as a desire or ideological instrument.

For the sociologist, social evolution is sustained by these two currents, which delimit two types of solidarity: mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity. Mechanical or primal solidarity is based on a dependency (identification) by similarity and preserves a religious background.

Instead, organic solidarity defines the need for relationships between individuals based on difference, inherent to the division of labor. In other words, solidarity is based on the necessary cooperation between individuals.

Solidarity is thus understood by its ideological aspects, as a factor of integration and cooperation, in which a moral ideal is seen and becomes a tool for social legitimation.

In these terms, solidarity and egalitarianism , legally enshrined as a right, do not block the need to be in solidarity. And it is that solidarity not only implies the adoption of the interests of others as their own, but also the awareness of a collective commitment.

From this perspective, solidarity is a principle that does not end with the idea, also principled, of equality, but rather invests citizens (members of a specific community) with the authority (and duty) to act according to favor and guarantee public interests.

Organic solidarity is an evolved stage in the historical development of peoples, without it there would be no room for peaceful coexistence (in fact, the phenomenon of new European, Asian and Latin American migrations, has recalled its antitheses, xenophobia and racism) .

In short, organic solidarity is a moral ideal, which requires synergy between institutions and individuals. Law and solidarity appear together in the social evolution of nations. The right or the set of laws that the peoples have created are the visible face of solidarity.

Similarly, solidarity is the basis of morality, since the latter only exists in the sphere of mediation and belonging to a social group . It would not make sense to speak of morality without societies.

Cooperation is a kind of social process whereby two or more individuals or groups work together in order to achieve a common goal . To this end, cooperation is essential for the preservation and presence of communities and societies.

In practice, what is important about this kind of social interaction is the process that involves a community effort , more or less in unison, leading to the same end. Cooperation is social solidarity put into practice.

Types of solidarity. Practical examples 

Unquestionably, solidarity as a moral and social principle attracts not a few experts in sociology, law, philosophy, social scientists, statesmen, political scientists and ideologists. And it is that the concept is rooted in contemporary societies as a conquest of humanism, which should be defended without question.

At the global level, the letter of declaration of Human Rights is present, a series of universal values ​​that enjoy international acceptance: tolerance, equality, solidarity, justice, freedom, among others.

However, the social contract shows its seams in current times, when a divorce is observed between western and eastern ways of life and interests, between democracies and capitalism and the new forms of totalitarianism and communism. As has been seen, organic solidarity has allowed the existence of societies. From this derive morality and law.

The fact is that there seem to be two different worlds (or double discourses), that of the leaders who advocate solidarity towards minorities , the excluded and migrations of diverse origin and reality itself, expressed in stricter immigration laws, nationalisms exacerbated, closing of borders to migrants, xenophobic violence and terrorist violence.

In the educational field, commitment and solidarity must be the expression of an organizational model of a group and collaborative type , which facilitates professional autonomy added to the integration of the agents in the institution.

In this framework of actions, a clear example of solidarity is the one observed in the synergy established between parents and representatives, teachers, professors and educational authorities, in order to share goals in favor of the teaching-learning process.

The model of the most successful schools is one that promotes the commitment and collaboration of its members, following the values ​​of autonomy, collaboration, interdependence, reflection and solidarity.

Family institutions have been transformed and expanded in recent decades. The types of family are diverse and are less articulated under the premises of the great religious ideologies. However, the issue of solidarity goes beyond typological issues . Families continue to be the foundations of contemporary societies and it is there that the future of citizens is determined.

From families comes social cohesion, a sense of justice, community awareness and culture. For this reason, solidarity continues to be an unquestionable value for the improvement of the neighborhood, the community and the city itself.

Beyond government forecasts, numerous social assistance programs are promoted by private initiatives in countries such as the United States of America, Spain and France, which even go beyond borders. This is possible thanks to the social mobility of these countries and the generation of companies and private initiatives with a vocation for social responsibility.

But, landing on more familiar levels, examples of family solidarity and among neighbors are common in increasingly articulated societies, where cooperatives are created to promote sports, cultural and recreational activities.

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Alexa Clark specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. She has experience in listening and welcoming in Individual Therapy and Couples Therapy. It meets demands such as generalized anxiety, professional, love and family conflicts, stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, grief, and adolescents from 15 years of age. Over the years, She felt the need to conduct the psychotherapy sessions with subtlety since She understands that the psychologist acts as a facilitator of self-understanding and self-acceptance, valuing each person's respect, uniqueness, and acceptance.

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